Being An Active Bystander

The Bystander effect can be reduced with awareness and in some cases explicit training.

An active bystander is most effective when they assume that they are the only person taking charge; giving direction to other bystanders to assist can, therefore, be critically important.

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The Bystander Effect

It happens when the presence of others discourages a person from intervening in an emergency situation. The greater the number of bystanders, the less likely it is for any one of them to provide help to a person that is in trouble or distress.

People are more likely to take action in a crisis when there are few or no other witnesses present.

The Bystander effect is attributed to:

  • The diffusion of responsibility: bystanders are less likely to intervene if there are other witnesses who seem likely to do so.
  • Social influence: individuals observe the behavior of those around them to determine how to act.

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The Law Of Effect

Developed by psychologist Edward Thorndike, the law of effect states that any behaviour that is positive or leads to satisfaction in a specific situation is likely to be repeated when that same situation arises again. Behaviours that lead to unease or discomfort tends to not be repeated.

Example: If we practice for a public talk and give an outstanding performance, leading to huge applause and subsequent praise, we are more likely to practice for our next performance.

What Is the Law of Effect in Psychology?

thoughtco.com

It's a cognitive bias that causes people to think or act in a certain manner because they believe that other people are doing the same.

For example, the bandwagon effect might cause someone to adopt a certain political ideology, simply because influential people in their social circle have adopted the same ideology.

The Bandwagon Effect: Why People Tend to Follow the Crowd

effectiviology.com

The ongoing pandemic is more than just a gigantic health crisis. The global economic order, for the first time in several decades, is on the path to an imminent restructuring.
There are several questions that leaders around the world are grappling with, like how long this will last, and what will the new ‘normal’ look like. In this war-like situation, they need to act across five stages for leading their industries from crisis and into the new normal: Resolve, Resilience, Return, Reimagination, and Reform. 

The path to the next normal

mckinsey.com

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