Rationalism is the philosophical idea where reason is the ultimate source of human knowledge.
It stands in contrast to empiricism, where the senses are enough to justify knowledge.
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When most people think of philosophy, they believe philosophers simply argue about arguing. Philosophy is viewed as impractical and irrelevant to current issues.
Philosophy is examining our understanding of reality and knowledge. Philosophy consists of three major branches:
When you order your thoughts into a coherent belief system, you are engaging in philosophy. To criticize philosophy, you must rely on philosophy.
Stories, fiction included, act as a kind of replacement for life. You can learn information from them very effortlessly. You'll also remember false information without realizing and will find f...
When stories are done well, they are like artificial sweeteners - they fool the mind into thinking we're consuming the real thing.
For example, children sometimes really believe that puppets are alive. Even animals sometimes react to pictures as if they are real things.
The rational part of our mind knows that what we're looking at, or reading, isn't real. However, the perceptual areas of our brains are very closely connected to our emotions.
Emotions force us to interpret the world differently. Research reveals how fear can affect vision, moods can make us more or less susceptible to visual illusions, and desire can change the apparent size of goal-relevant objects.
More time means that a person can attain more knowledge, but as knowledge is a passive acquisition of facts and data, having more knowledge does not mean having wisdom.
Wisdom tends to be less affected by time, as it requires additional steps of applying judgement, drawing conclusions and adapting one’s behaviour accordingly.
Example: Development of nuclear weapons requires knowledge, but during wartime, using nuclear weapons on a country requires wisdom.
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