Women's day on Mar 8 - Deepstash

Women's day on Mar 8

Women's Day took on a truly revolutionary form in Russia in 1917. Russia was facing unrest for other reasons (war and widespread food shortages).

The International Women's Day demonstration was held on Feb 23, 1917 - the equivalent of Mar 8 in the Russian calendar. Women were the core protesters and the ones on the breadline. This grew to daily mass strikes of workers from all sectors demanding bread, better rights and the end to autocracy.

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MORE IDEAS FROM The Surprisingly Radical Origins of International Women's Day

Russian women demanded the right to vote - and gained it in 1917 as a direct consequence of the March protests. Russia was the first major power to enact suffrage legislation for women. The U.K. and U.S. looked to Russia as an example.

Because of the political associations with the Soviet Union and socialism, the U.N. day observance was only established in 1975.

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International Women's Day is marked with celebration as well as with protest, but the day's legacy remains a struggle for women's rights.

  • In Russia, recently there was an amendment signed to a law that decriminalise some forms of domestic violence.
  • Since the Women's March in early 2017, American women have been mobilised to action by conversations on sexual harassment, equal pay, threats to reproductive healthcare, etc.

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Women protests led to Women's Day

In New York, February 1908, thousands of women who were garment workers went on strike. They marched through the city to protest against their working conditions, which included less organized workplaces (than the men), lower echelons, lower wages, and sexual harassment.

The strikes lasted for more than a year. In honour of the anniversary of those strikes, a National Women's Day was celebrated on Feb 28, 1909, spearheaded by the Socialist Party of America and led by German socialist Clara Zetkin.

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RELATED IDEA

Political ideology

A political ideology is a set of ethical principles of a social institution that explains how society should work.

Contains certain ideas on what would be the best:

Has 2 dimensions:

  1. goals: how society should be organized.
  2. methods: the most appropriate way to achieve this goal.

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Kate Sheppard

She is the world's first successful suffragette. Her work and petitioning of New Zealand's parliament is the reason that the nation became the first country in the world to grant women the right to vote.

After New Zealand embraced universal suffrage in 1893, Sheppard inspired successful suffrage movements in other parts of the world.

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1800: Jefferson and Adams

The outcome was so bizarre, the United States had to amend the Constitution.

  • The election of 1800 saw Thomas Jefferson tie with his Democratic-Republican "running mate" Aaron Burr. Both had 73 votes to Adams' 65.
  • Alexander Hamilton, the nation's first treasury secretary and founder of the Federalist Party, started a campaign to convince the Federalists to vote for Jefferson the lesser of the three evils.
  • After casting 35 ballots in a week, the House of Representatives finally voted to name Jefferson the victor. However, the rivalry between Burr and Hamilton continued for three years before Burr killed Hamilton in a duel.

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