Characteristics aversive people have in common

To understand why people show regular patterns of socially aversive behavior, and which individuals are more likely to do so, personality psychology has particularly focused on aversive (or so-called “dark”) personality traits in recent years.

The Dark Factor of Personality (D) is the general tendency to focus on one’s own interests and disregard the harm this causes others.

Five themes of D are: callousness, deceitfulness, narcissistic entitlement, sadism, and vindictiveness.

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Which Characteristics Do Aversive People Have in Common?

psychologytoday.com

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5 traits linked to the dark factor of personality

Callousness describes a lack of concern for other people. 

Deceitfulness represents a willingness to engage in deceptive and illegal behavior.

Narcissistic Entitlement is characterized by a sense of self-importance and deservingness.

Sadism describes a disposition to deliberately harm other people.

Vindictiveness is characterized by a pronounced desire to seek revenge

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"Indifference of the indicator"

Over 100 years ago, Charles Spearman made discoveries about human intelligence. One is that the general factor of intelligence (g-factor) conforms to the principle of the "indifference of the indicator," meaning that regardless of what test of intelligence you use, as long as the intelligence test is difficult and long enough, you can reliably measure a person's intelligence.

A new study suggests the same principle applies to human malignancy. The General Dark Factor of Personality (D-factor) conforms to the principle of "indifference of the indicator."

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The Dark Core of Personality

blogs.scientificamerican.com

The dark triad of personality consists of narcissism (self-importance), Machiavellianism (strategic exploitation and deceit), and psychopathy (callousness and cynicism).

We are all at least a little bit narcissistic, Machiavellian and psychopathic.

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The Light Triad vs. Dark Triad of Personality

blogs.scientificamerican.com

Personality Psychology: Important Terminology
  • Classical conditioning: A behavioural technique where a natural stimulus is paired with a previously neutral stimulus. The previously neutral stimulus eventually cause the response without pairing it to the natural stimulus.
  • Operant conditioning: A behaviour training technique where punishments or reinforcements influence behaviour.
  • Unconscious: The container for feelings, thoughts, urges, and memories.
  • Id: The personality component made up of unconscious psychic energy used to satisfy basic urges, needs, and desires.
  • Ego: The unconscious part of the personality that moderates the id's demands, the superego, and reality.
  • Superego: The part of personality composed of our internalised ideals that comes from our parents and society.

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What Personality Theories in Psychology May Tell You About Yours

verywellmind.com