What are Israel and Palestine?
Israel is an officially Jewish country.
Palestine is a set of 2 separate (but not independent), ethnically Arab and mostly Muslim territories: the West Bank & Gaza.
Both countries are located in the Middle East.
There is no internationally recognized line between Israel and Palestine. The borders are considered to be disputed, and have been for decades.
MORE IDEAS FROM THE ARTICLE
The conflict is NOT primarily about religion.
It is over:
In 1967, Israel won another war with its Arab neighbours and put the remaining 2 Palestinian territories (West Bank & Gaza) under military occupation.
Reasoning behind the occupation:
However these excuses do not explain the settlers who move into Palestinian territories for cheaper housing & expansion of borders in a bid for ethnic cleansing.
One-state solution: By erasing the borders and putting the Israelis & Palestinians together into one equal, pluralistic state. However the unequal demographics makes this a bad idea.
Destruction of one side: The extremist idea of letting one side outright vanquish the other, in what would certainly be a catastrophic abuse of human rights.
Two-state solution: Independent states for both Israelis & Palestinians. However, this option is starting to look less viable as the conflict stretches on.
Violence has become so commonplace that leaders on both ends seem to believe that managing the violence is preferable.
Israel's blockade on Gaza strangles economic life there and punishes civilians, which produce a climate that is hospitable to extremism.
Palestinian's distrust of Israel, due to their military occupation even after trying for peace, has also been a major factor in the increasing violence.
Both sides have squandered peace and perpetuated conflict, but Palestinians today bear most of the suffering.
Hamas, a Palestinian militant group that formed in 1987, seeks Israel's destruction.
It is internationally recognized as a terrorist organization for its attacks targeting civilians and has ruled Gaza since 2006.
Israeli forces periodically attack Hamas and other militant groups in Gaza, typically with air strikes or ground invasions.
The conflict between Jews & Arabs in British Palestine began in the early 1900s, so in 1947, the UN approved a plan to to divide the country into:
Jerusalem, holy city for Jews & Muslims, was to be a special international zone.
While Israel targets militants and Hamas targets civilians, Israel's disproportionate military strength and its willingness to target militants based in dense urban communities means that Palestinians civilians are far more likely to be killed than any other group.
Arab leaders in the region saw this plan as European colonial theft and, in 1948, invaded to keep Palestine unified.
However, the Israeli forces won & pushed well beyond the UN-designated borders to claim land that was to have been part of Palestine.
They also uprooted and expelled entire Palestinian communities, creating about 700,000 refugees, whose descendants now number 7 million & are still considered refugees.
A political ideology is a set of ethical principles of a social institution that explains how society should work.
Contains certain ideas on what would be the best:
Has 2 dimensions:
Tokyo was almost destroyed during World War II but was quickly rebuilt and reinvented itself as a world leader in manufacturing and technology.
Today, Tokyo is Japan's economic centre. The city is safe and prosperous and known for its glamour and cosmopolitanism. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world, with over 37 million residents.
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