Types of reflection - Deepstash

Types of reflection

There are three main types of reflection:

  1. Anticipatory reflection: Reflection that's performed before an event occurs involves asking what might happen, possible challenges, how you can prepare and how you should respond.
  2. Reflection in action: Reflection that you do while an event is happening - asking whether things are going as expected, how you're feeling.
  3. Reflection after action: Reflection that you carry out after an event has occurred.

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Reflective practice is vital for improvement

Reflective practice helps you to improve and develop. It involves deliberately analysing your experiences and actions.

For example:

  • An athlete thinks about what mistakes they made during a training session, then consider ways to avoid those mistakes in the future.
  • A student reflects on how they studied for a test, how they performed, and then figure out how to study more effectively.

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Self-distancing may be beneficial to help in the reflection process.

  • Ask yourself what advice you would give someone else if they were in your situation?
  • Avoid first-person language when considering your performance (Ask yourself, "what could you have done differently?" instead of "what could I have done differently?)
  • Try to visualise the events you were in from the perspective of other people involved.

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There are different approaches to reflective practice. One way to engage in reflective practice is to ask guiding questions. In the context of a recent event, ask yourself:

  • How did I feel while the event was happening?
  • What were my goals?
  • What were the key things I did?
  • What went well?
  • What did not work?
  • What should I do the same way next time?
  • What should I change next time?

You can also engage in reflective practice through reflective writing, which can take various forms.

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  • Start by explaining the concept of reflective practice.
  • Explain the benefits of reflective practice.
  • Explain how to engage in reflective practice.

Once you've done this, create an environment conducive to reflective practice while keeping in mind that different people will benefit from different approaches. For example, some people may benefit from having someone helping them through each stage of the reflection cycle, while others may do it independently.

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The most notable benefits are:

  • Acquisition of new knowledge.
  • Refinement of existing knowledge.
  • A better understanding of the connections between theory and practice.
  • A greater understanding of the rationale behind your actions.
  • Improvement of your goals.
  • A clearer understanding of yourself.
  • Increased feelings of competence.
  • High motivation to act.
  • Improved performance.

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Two concepts that are considered in relation to reflective practice are:

  • Reflexivity - people's ability and tendency to display general self-awareness,
  • Critical reflection - an in-depth type of reflection, which is being aware of how your assumptions affect you, and examining your actions and responsibilities from moral, ethical, and social perspectives.

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The reflective cycle is a process that guides reflective practice through the following steps:

  1. Describe what happened without judgment or analysis.
  2. Define how you felt, what you were thinking, and how you feel now, but without judgment.
  3. Evaluate everything that happened, the good and the bad.
  4. Analyse the situation to make sense of everything that occurred.
  5. Draw conclusions based on the information you gathered so far.
  6. Figure out what you will do differently next time.

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A shared reflective activity can take various forms, such as discussing your experiences with other people or having someone with expertise ask you guiding questions to help you reflect.

A shared reflective practice can be beneficial as a group might help to identify more issues that individuals would fail to notice. But the process can also be more stressful for shy people.

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Reflective learning

Reflective learning involves actively monitoring and assessing your knowledge, abilities, and performance during the learning process, in order to improve the process and its associated outcomes.

Being reflective in your learning means thinking about what you’re learning and how you’re learning it, in a way that helps you understand yourself and your learning better.

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A false premise

... is a faulty assumption that becomes the basis of an argument and makes it logically unsound. For example, all birds can fly. Penguins can't fly. Therefore, penguins aren't birds. The premise that all birds can fly is false since some birds can't fly.

A false premise underpins many logical fallacies, making it essential to understand them.

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Chutzpah is the willingness to take risks in a shameless and self-assured manner that could be seen as disrespectful or rude - for example, an entrepreneur calling a CEO of a large company directly, despite no invitation.

Chutzpah can be valuable in some cases if you know how to take advantage of it.

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