Caring for buildings, the labour, cost and choices and strategising this involves is a lamentably under-discussed aspect of architecture.
Over a lifetime, things change and stuff happens. And some varieties of architecture endure better than others.
MORE IDEAS FROM Outrage: the cost of caring for the Pompidou - Architectural Review
Electric metro trains first became operational in London back in 1890, as a part underground and part overground network.
Called the London Underground, this is a 402 km network with 270 stations and transports up to five million passengers a day.
Collective intelligence or group thinking is an idea that by many minds working together, we can correct each other's errors in judgment and provide good results.
Companies employ intelligent, well-qualified people and assume that this will automatically accelerate magical outcomes. But collective reasoning, while being useful, also has inherent pitfalls.
There is a tendency to undervalue old ideas and fundamental wisdom, based on an assumption that old ideas will provide an average result.
In reality, old fundamentals are those great and time-tested ideas that have outlasted other bad ideas.
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