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Health

78 SAVED IDEAS

Defining Burnout

The Maslach Burnout Inventory, developed by a professor of psychology at the University of California, tries to define burnout by fielding the following criteria: Fatigue, cynicism, negativity towards one’s life or job role, along with reduced job performance.

The results showed that burnout is relative, and how we define it depends on not one, but all the listed criteria.

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Health

  • Many of us are heading towards burnout, but aren’t there yet. If we are overextended, disengaged and ineffective in our job roles, we are on the verge of burnout.
  • Avoiding true burnout is vital as work gets tougher, longer and harder to do for most people. People are scared to lose their jobs due to the pandemic, and corporates know how to squeeze maximum work out of them.
  • One needs to identify the workplaces with unmanageable workload and instead of booting out the employees who cannot stand the heat, the new argument is to turn down the heat itself.
The 5-second rule

The idea that food is safe to eat off the floor if you pick it up quickly is not accurate.

A study showed that in some cases, bacteria takes less than a second to transfer to food. The longer food was allowed to stay on a surface, the more bacteria was transferred to the food. The higher the moisture, the higher the risk of transfer.

Bacteria travel through moisture. Wet food like watermelon will pick up the most bacteria, while less sticky food like gummy candies picks up the least. Regarding the surface, carpet has a lower rate of bacteria transfer to food than other surfaces.

The risk of illness from eating food that has fallen on the floor will depend on factors such as prevalence, concentration and type of organism, moisture of the food, the nature of the surface, and the length of time the food was in contact with the surface.

Intermittent fasting (IF)

Intermittent fasting (IF) became very popular back in 2013 with "The 8-hour diet" by David Zinczenko and Peter Moore. They claimed that eating your food within an 8-hour window would result in drastic weight loss.

Unlike other diets, IF is about limiting when you eat rather than what you eat.

  • Do your research. Intermittent fasting can be dangerous for people with low blood sugar.
  • Decide which type of intermittent fasting schedule you want to try. Currently, there are six popular fasting patterns. The most popular option is the 16/8 method, where you fast for 16 hours, then eat within an 8-hour period.
  • Start with an adjusted schedule that's realistic for you, then add to the intensity and duration.
  • Stay hydrated with noncaloric fluids during your fasting periods, such as water, herbal teas, and calorie-free flavoured drinks.
  • During the eating period, aim to eat every 3 hours.
  • Plan nutritious meals ahead of time.
  • Eat nutrient-dense foods that are higher in fat, protein, and fibre.
  • Add 2 to 3 tbsp of healthy fat to your evening meal, like olive oil, coconut butter, or avocado, to keep your blood sugar levels stable.
  • IF can be difficult at first. You may experience grumbling of your stomach, fatigue, irritability, and stress.
  • IF isn't recommended for people with a history of eating disorders, like anorexia or orthorexia.
  • IF my interfere with sleep patterns and alertness.
  • IF can increase stress, anxiety, and irritability.
  • Ensure that you get enough calories every day to fuel your body. IF can become dangerous if you don't get your recommended daily calorie intake.
  • A 2019 study showed that people who ate between 8 a.m. and 2 p.m. had reduced hunger and increased fat burning after 4 days of starting IF.
  • A 2005 study indicated that alternate-day fasting leads to 2.5 percent body weight loss after 22 days.
  • A 2018 study showed that IF could potentially manage blood sugar and insulin levels.
  • A 2007 research review on IF showed possible protection from heart disease, type 2 diabetes, cancer, and Alzheimer's disease.
Hoarding Isn’t About Stockpiling

Hoarding is a serious psychiatric disorder which has been witnessed by doctors for centuries, and is not some behavioural trait of otherwise normal people.

Symptoms of this disorder start from adolescence, and later become problematic.

  • Most people would think a hoarder would have clutter all around the house. The reality is that they have difficulties deciding on what to discard, and typically hoard their clothes, shoes, tools, household supplies, newspapers and mail.
  • Hoarding disorder impacts one’s marital life, increases medical illness, anxiety and depression, makes people suicide prone and even cognitively impaired. Not to mention the problems that arise from keeping things stored for long in the basement or cupboard.

Apart from mental issues, hoarding increases the chances of:

  1. Risk of falls or tripping.
  2. Infestation.
  3. Unsafe living conditions.
  4. Fire.
  5. Lost work days.

Stockpiling is a comparatively normal behaviour coming as a result of an event or condition that can impact the availability of a particular item.

A person anticipates the shortage of something in the future, and reserves it in case it is needed later.

Panic Buying is more of an impulsive, reaction which is usually temporary and is mainly the anxiety which is felt due to an impending future event or crisis.

It includes buying huge quantities of.. toilet paper too. It also involves going into ‘survival mode’ and scavenging during an ongoing crisis.

Mindfulness And Our Brains

Meditation or mindfulness is not a uniform, unchanging process, but a highly subjective one, having unique effects on different individuals.

New experiments using machine learning dive deep into the brain, breath and body states during the various stages of meditation, helping the machine learning program recognize internal attention brain networks during breath attention, mind wandering, or thinking about the past.

Extensive experimentation recording more than 2000 brain patterns per person led to certain insights which were not possible before.

  1. Meditators had the maximum amount of time paying attention to their breath.
  2. A feeling or even the warmth of the heart can be the center of focus during meditation, instead of repeating words or phrases, which are just instrumental for distracting us from our own thoughts.
  3. The moments of meditation are not static, but an ever-changing kaleidoscope of experiences, feelings and mind-states.

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