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In 2016, Sikkim was recognised as the "first organic state in the world and crime-free state with the best governance" by the World Book of Record London.
The government of Sikkim stepped into the organic mission process in 2003, the year when it stopped imports of chemical fertiliser in the state.
With the green revolution in the 1960s, India increased its crop production and the use of chemical fertilisers and pesticides increased simultaneously. This affected agriculture along with water, air and land. Recognising its adverse impact on the environment, sikkim promoted organic farming.
Organic farming makes ise of cow dung, compost manure, green manure, bio pesticides, earthworm manure, neem came, lemongrass, fruit residues, and bacterial culture.
The use of organic and fossil fertiliser instead of chemicals and insecticides keeps the soil fertile and reduces the risk of droughts.
To make Sikkim an organic state, organic practices were implemented on around 75,000 hectares of agricultural land. In this action plan, the Sikkim government prohibited the use of chemical fertilisers and pesticides. The violation of this law could lead to imprisonment of 3 months including a fine of 1 lakh.
The government initiated partnerships with many agricultural R&D organisations in the country and overseas including biological research from Switzerland.
Organic farming was done on 8,35,000 hectares of land in Sikkim, whicb benefited about 4,00,000 farmers.
The state government adopted villages to convert them into bio- villages.
People were made aware of organic fertilisers and organic manutmre was made available to all. In addition, nutrition management, techniques, pest management, and laboratories for farming were also introduced.
In 2018, Sikkim was honoured by The United Nation's Fertiliser and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) with an Oscar Award for its best policies to acquire 100% organic farming
India ranks first in the number of organic farmers and fourth in terms of area under organic farming. Many states like Uttarakhand and Tripura have set targets similar to Sikkim to go fully organic
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