10 Philosophical Concepts You Should Know - Deepstash

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Philosophical Concepts You Should Know

Philosophical Concepts You Should Know

Philosophy is a complex and fascinating field of study that deals with fundamental ideas and concepts. Here are ten common philosophical concepts that everyone should be familiar with.

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775 reads

Plato's Theory of Ideas

Plato's Theory of Ideas

Plato was the first to separate the "world of things" from the "world of ideas." Ideas are the underlying reality of any particular object, and the world of ideas is more fundamental and real than the world of objects.

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759 reads

The Concept of Introspection

The Concept of Introspection

Introspection is a way of achieving self-knowledge by observing internal reactions to events in the external world. It helps to examine beliefs and provides a complete picture of the relationship between thoughts and actions.

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696 reads

Solipsism

Solipsism

Solipsism is the belief that only a person's perception of reality and their thoughts are available to them, while the entire external world is beyond the bounds of certainty.

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704 reads

Theodicy

Theodicy

A religious and philosophical concept that attempts to vindicate God's existence in the face of evil and suffering. It is often asked why God allows evil to exist if He is omnipotent and good.

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636 reads

Moral Relativism

Moral Relativism

This philosophical concept denies the existence of absolute moral standards and categories, recognizing that morality is a relative concept.

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618 reads

Categorical Imperative or the Golden Rule of Morality

Categorical Imperative or the Golden Rule of Morality

A philosophical concept in ethics that suggests treating others as you want to be treated. It emphasizes the importance of considering others as the ultimate goal rather than as a means to an end.

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569 reads

Determinism/Indeterminism

Determinism/Indeterminism

The belief that everything is predetermined and that free will does not exist, or the belief in the possibility of free will and the uncertainty of predetermined outcomes.

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553 reads

Cogito Ergo Sum

Cogito Ergo Sum

A philosophical concept originates from Rene Descartes: "I think, therefore I am." It proclaims the dominant position of the subject and serves as the metaphysical basis of modern philosophy.

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547 reads

"God Is Dead"

"God Is Dead"

A phrase coined by Friedrich Nietzsche signifies the death of God as a fact in traditional society and the end of the Christian worldview. It led to a crisis in the value system and the rise of postmodernity

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508 reads

Existential Crisis

Existential Crisis

A feeling of anxiety and despair associated with the loss of the meaning of life. It is often provoked by difficult situations, uncertainty, illness, or life upheavals.

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552 reads

CURATED BY

labishjain

Student Curious about Cosmos, Technology, Jainism and Philosophy

CURATOR'S NOTE

Philosophy delves into timeless questions about the meaning of life, the nature of good and evil, and the concept of justice. Though answers vary, understanding fundamental philosophical concepts is crucial. Here are ten key ideas everyone should know, regardless of their educational background.

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