Arctic Melts, Antarctic Holds - Deepstash
Arctic Melts, Antarctic Holds

Arctic Melts, Antarctic Holds

trajectorymatrix.substack.com

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The Difference

The Difference

The Arctic and Antarctic are responding differently to climate change due to their distinct geographical and environmental conditions. The fundamental differences in geography, along with varied atmospheric and oceanic conditions, contribute to the contrasting responses of the Arctic and Antarctic to the changing climate.

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Arctic Ice - Melting Away in a Heatwave Havoc

Arctic Ice - Melting Away in a Heatwave Havoc

  • Warming Temperatures: The Arctic has experienced record temperatures, with a Siberian heatwave pushing air temperatures over 100 degrees Fahrenheit for the first time on record.
  • Feedback Loops: The loss of reflective sea ice exposes dark open ocean, which absorbs more of the sun’s heat, leading to further ice melt.
  • Changes in Ice Growth Patterns: There’s more heat in the ocean now than there used to be, disrupting the pattern of autumn ice growth.

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Antarctic Ice - Cold Shoulder to Warming Trends

Antarctic Ice - Cold Shoulder to Warming Trends

  • Atmospheric Circulation: Changes in atmospheric circulation have led to more sea ice being carried to the coast by wind, stabilizing ice shelves.
  • Ocean Surface Cooling: Antarctic sea ice has expanded due to ocean surface cooling associated with multidecadal variability in the Southern Ocean.
  • Complex InteractionsThe Antarctic sea ice is influenced by a variety of factors, including sub-ice-shelf melting, stratospheric ozone depletion, and tropical teleconnections.

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Key Terms

Key Terms

Reflective: Sea ice's ability to reflect sunlight helps regulate Earth's temperature.

Feedback loops: Mechanisms where output influences input, leading to amplification or dampening of initial change.

Multidecadal variability: Fluctuations or changes that occur over decades.

Stratospheric ozone depletion: Gradual thinning of the ozone layer in Earth's stratosphere due to ozone-depleting substances.

Decadal oscillations: Cyclic variations occurring approximately every ten years.

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CURATED BY

trajecmatrix

Decoding industries, emerging innovations, concepts, products, & more. Untangling the factors influencing them. And, envisioning what lies ahead for them — years down the road.

CURATOR'S NOTE

Expect ice-free Arctic summer within 15 years

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