Regulatory Loopholes - Deepstash

Regulatory Loopholes

These herbal and dietary supplements are generally safe to be consumed, but it doesn't mean that they're effective.

Supplement-makers can make claims about weight loss as long as they include a disclaimer that the statement has not been evaluated by the FDA.

Unlike pharmaceutical drugs that require rigorous testing and clinical evidence to demonstrate their safety and effectiveness, dietary supplements are not required to prove they work.

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When you go to visit the supplement aisle, you'll visit the market's see tons of products geared towards athletic performance improvement, sleep, hormone regulation, immune health, and more.

To ensure that these supplements live up to their claims you must:

  1. Look on the label for independent testing; and
  2. Be cautious of big promises such as: "proven effective", or "pharmaceutical strength"

Supplements may be helpful to some, but they can come with drawbacks and may not have substantial evidence.

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Dietary Supplements for Weight Loss
  • Green tea
  • White kidney bean
  • Ephedra
  • Yerba mate
  • Licorice root
  • Garcinia cambogia
  • Mangosteen
  • East Indian globe thistle

These are all dietary supplements that claim that they are able to aid for weight loss, however, apparently, they do not have enough evidence to support this claim.

Most of these are just soluble fibers and complex sugar products that manufacturers will claim to promote feelings of fullness or block fat absorption.

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  • Pharmaceuticals undergo extensive testing to prove they're effective and safe before they can be sold, but dietary supplements can be sold without proof of claims, effectiveness or safety.
  • Daily multivitamin consumption does not lower heart disease risk.
  • The FDA has found more than 500 supplements adulterated with pharmaceuticals or closely related compounds. Those can cause unwanted side effects and may be especially risky when taken with heart drugs or other prescription medications.

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Studies demonstrate that multivitamins don't improve outcomes on a number of health measures, from staving off cognitive decline to preventing cardiovascular disease and cancer. The health benefits of probiotics are wildly exaggerated, and taking antioxidants like beta carotene and vitamin E might even kill you faster.

And thanks to lax regulation supplement makers don't need to prove their products' content, effectiveness or safety before commercializing it. 

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Vitamins and supplements: the statistics

The supplement industry is huge. In 2016, the global nutritional supplement sector turned over an estimated $132.8 billion. By 2022, some experts predict that this figure will exceed $220 billion.

According to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, in 2011–2012, 52%Trusted Source of adults in the United States reported using some kind of supplement. Almost 1 in 3 people (31%) took multivitamins.

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