The Three Truth About Disagreements - Deepstash

The Three Truth About Disagreements

  1. Truth 1: Arguments aren’t bad – They’re signposts to issues that need our attention.
  2. Truth 2: Arguments aren’t about changing minds – They are about bringing minds together.
  3. Truth 3: Arguments don’t end – They have deep roots and will pop back up again and again, asking us to engage with them.

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The art of productive disagreement.

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MORE IDEAS FROM Why Are We Yelling?

The Art of Productive Disagreement

Most of us are weary of disagreement, so a claim that disagreement can be productive is intriguing.

Some of the common misconceptions with respect to disagreement are:

  • Arguments are bad.
  • They change people’s minds.
  • They come to an end.

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The fourth voice, which is missing during a disagreement is the voice of possibility.

This muted voice seeks to make conflict productive. This voice resonates in questions like:

  • What are we missing?
  • What else is possible?
  • What else can we do with what we have?
  • Who else can we bring into the conversation to give us a new perspective?

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Make use of the following steps to implement the fourth voice:

  • Watch how anxiety sparks inside the mind. 
  • Talk to your internal voices.
  • Develop honest bias – There is no cure for bias, but we can develop an honest relationship to our own bias with self-reflection.
  • Speak for yourself.
  • Listen generously.
  • Ask questions that invite surprising answers.
  • Build arguments together.
  • Cultivate neutral spaces.
  • Accept reality, then participate in it.

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  1. When you notice anxiety, pause and ask yourself: are you anxious about what is true, what is meaningful, or what is useful?
  2. Ask the other party the same question. Do they give the same answer or something different?
  3. Narrate out loud what each of you is anxious about. Reiterate how each of you answered the question to see if that leads to new connections for yourself or the other person.
  4. Check to see if either of you is willing to switch to what the other is anxious about. Who has more cognitive dissonance happening and could use the other’s help?

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This is the internal voice which will tell you things such as “Why?” or “That doesn’t add up”. The voice of reason is all about using reasons to shut down a debate. Benson argues that the voice of reason works best in situations where you have disagreements with people who share respect for the same higher authority or are part of the same group or organisation that your reasons draw from.

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This is the internal voice that tells you things such as “I would prefer not to” or “Leave me out of it”.

Conflict avoiders have identified flaws in the voices of power and reason and so have chosen to address conflicts by simply refusing to participate in them in the first place.

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This is the internal voice that will tell you things such as “Take it or leave it” or “My way or the highway”. The voice of power isn't the ultimate conflict-resolution strategy, because you can’t argue with sheer force. Benson states that this what power does – it forcibly closes down arguments and ends conflict in your favour, which is an undeniable evolutionary advantage.

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The voice of possibility encourages us very explicitly not to do what the other three voices – power, reason and avoidance – have made habitual in us, which is to find a way to uproot and kill the conflict. We need to develop ‘honest bias’ and listen to the fourth voice of possibility, leaving aside our ego to make a disagreement less about arguments and more about a mutual solution.

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RELATED IDEA

According to a 2019 study, here are the top three conflict triggers that upset, irritate, hurt, or anger partners

1. Condescension (i.e., you are treated as stupid or inferior; your partner acts like they think they’re better than you.

2. Possessiveness, jealousy and/or dependency (i.e., your partner demands too much attention or time or is overly jealous, possessive, or dependent)

3. Neglect, rejection and/or unreliability (i.e., your partner ignores your feelings, doesn’t call or text, doesn’t say they love you)

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What forgiveness is

Forgiveness does not mean forgetting or minimising the pain we feel; nor is it about excusing others. 

Forgiveness means making a conscious and deliberate decision to let go of our feelings of resentment or revenge, regardless of whether the person who has upset us deserves it.

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There are three different realms of an argument:

  • Head-based arguments are about the truth, based on facts and verifiable information.
  • Heart-based arguments are about meaning, personal taste and moral values.
  • Hand-based arguments are about usefulness and practicality.

Being able to distinguish between the three realms, and categorizing your argument stand can help you find common ground and end the argument in a productive way.

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