Finally, for the Bloch sphere
You’ve heard a bunch about this Bloch sphere throughout this article and it is just a sphere that is used to visualize the state of a qubit. So how does any of this relate to qubit logic gates? Well, logic gates correspond to rotations on the Bloch sphere, which modify the equation previously mentioned.
Each gate also corresponds to a transformation matrix, but I won’t be talking about that in this article.
As you can see both theta and phi correspond to angles.
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