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David Hume: Why You're Probably Wrong About Everything You Know

The Limits of Reason and Logic

David Hume understood that the various beliefs and ideologies that sound reasonable and logical on the surface, are in fact irrational and emotionally driven deep down. 

This way he could argue about or doubt practically any belief or thought process.

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David Hume: Why You're Probably Wrong About Everything You Know

David Hume: Why You're Probably Wrong About Everything You Know

https://medium.com/personal-growth/david-hume-why-youre-probably-wrong-about-everything-you-know-62fb4caa2b21

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Key Ideas

David Hume: Both Sides of the Coin

The philosophy of the Scottish philosopher David Hume wasn't just about being disagreeable. He was skeptical and doubtful on authority, and on himself too.

He could highlight flaws on both sides of the argument, his side and the opponent's side. His balanced and practical intellect made him a rare historical figure.

The Limits of Reason and Logic

David Hume understood that the various beliefs and ideologies that sound reasonable and logical on the surface, are in fact irrational and emotionally driven deep down. 

This way he could argue about or doubt practically any belief or thought process.

At Ease with Contradictions

David Hume was completely at ease with contradictions. This way he could avoid getting into extremities. 

He used to contradict himself by providing a counter-argument against his own statements. This way, no matter how contradictory it sounded, it provided an insight into life, which itself does not follow a linear, logical path.

The Unbiased and Unselfish Spectator

David Hume argued that we can't always be selfish and self-centered as we are ultimately unable to live without other people.

If we do wrong to someone, the unbiased spectator in us (conscience), will see that, providing us feelings of guilt, or remorse.

A Living Philosophy

Normally, philosophy teaches us new ways of thinking but rarely does it provide us with ways to live.

A true human is he who doubts yet is man enough to admit his mistakes.

A living philosophy sees the world as it is, without any color of belief or ideology.

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Reason is then more of a guide than a symbol of truth.

The limits of understanding

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We mostly operate on faith and habit in ways that aren’t obvious. 

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 - Fyodor Dostoevsky in The Brothers Karamazov

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"It is easy in the world to live after the world’s opinion; it is easy in solitude to live after our own; but the great man is he who in the midst of the crowd keeps with perfect sweetness the independence of solitude."

  - Ralph Waldo Emerson

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Problems of meaning=problems of insufficient value
Those who think life is meaningless feel that there is a gap between their expectations and reality: between the degree of value that life should have and the degree of value that it actually has. - Iddo Landau
To find meaning in life, we can either:
  1. Add more value: identify activities that are valuable to us  or we can remove activities that reduce value.
  2. Change our thinking: Perhaps our life already has sources of value, but we just aren’t looking at things in the right way. 
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Eat well. Move often. Go easy on the vices. Take care of your mind and body, and your spirit will require less heavy lifting.

Joy

You find it in moments of action and novelty, connection and capability. When you create, learn, experience and share. 

It's the thrill and happiness that requires no reward, no validation to receive. 

Peace

This is your inner calm.

You can find it in nature, but you also nurture it yourself: by tidying up, taking care of your mind and your heart, saying thank you, forgiving others, accepting what has passed and who you are, staying genuinely true to yourself and aligning with your moral standards. 

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