How to reduce the misinformation effect - Deepstash
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How to reduce the misinformation effect

  • One strategy is to write down your memory of an important event immediately after it happens. Keep in mind that subtle errors can still slip in and further cement them in your memory.
  • Another is to be aware that your memory can be influenced and that everyone is susceptible to the misinformation effect.

If everyone is saying the same thing and it is different to what you remember, the misinformation effect may be at play.


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Misinformation effect theories

There are different theories why the misinformation effect happens, potentially leading to false memories.

  1. The original facts and information after the fact get blended together in a person's memory.
  2. Misleading information replaces the original memory.
  3. Since misleading ...


103 reads

Misinformation effect example

Misinformation effect example

In a famous experiment, participants were shown video footage of a traffic accident. Then participants were asked several questions about what they had seen.

  • Some participants were asked, "How fast were the cars going when they hit each other?"


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Factors influencing the misinformation effect

Factors influencing the misinformation effect

Factors that make it more likely that event happenings will be distorted and lead to false memories:

  • Discussing the event with other witnesses. Conflicting reports might reshape or distort a witness's original memory of the event.
  • Reading or watching ne...


88 reads

The misinformation effect

The misinformation effect

The misinformation effect is when information received after an event interferes with one's memory of the actual happenings. Research shows that subtle details later on can dramatically change how people remember.

This effect shows how easily memories are influenced. It then questions the r...


142 reads

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The Priming Effect

Your mind is able to fill in missing details by matching them to existing information. It also cross-references and bounces between linked associations. This priming effect even works when you are not consciously aware of it.Β  For instance, you can break an object or obscure part of it, and yo...

How to manage The Barnum Effect?

How to manage The Barnum Effect?

As with most cognitive biases , half of the battle is to be aware of the Barnum Effect. However, research suggests that there are three main factors that make the Barnu...

How to manage the framing effect

  • Consider the current frame: Be aware of marketing language when you are shopping for a product.
  • Reverse the frame: Take the current frame and state it in the opposite way.
  • Reframe the options: There may be more than two alter...


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