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What Is the 50/20/30 Budget Rule?

Needs, wants and savings

  • Needs: these are those bills that you absolutely must pay and are the things necessary for survival (rent or mortgage payments, car payments, groceries, insurance, health care, minimum debt payment, and utilities).
  • Wants: these include all the things you spend money on that are not absolutely essential (dinner and movies out, vacations, electronic gadgets, etc.)
  • Savings: this includes adding money to an emergency fund in a bank savings account, making IRA contributions to a mutual fund account, and investing in the stock market.

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What Is the 50/20/30 Budget Rule?

What Is the 50/20/30 Budget Rule?

https://www.investopedia.com/ask/answers/022916/what-502030-budget-rule.asp

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Key Ideas

The 50-20-30 rule

It is a budget rule to help people reach their financial goals. It states that:

  • You should spend up to 50% of your after-tax income on needs and obligations that you must-have or must-do.
  • The remaining half should be split up between 20% savings and debt repayment and 30% to everything else that you might want.

Needs, wants and savings

  • Needs: these are those bills that you absolutely must pay and are the things necessary for survival (rent or mortgage payments, car payments, groceries, insurance, health care, minimum debt payment, and utilities).
  • Wants: these include all the things you spend money on that are not absolutely essential (dinner and movies out, vacations, electronic gadgets, etc.)
  • Savings: this includes adding money to an emergency fund in a bank savings account, making IRA contributions to a mutual fund account, and investing in the stock market.

SIMILAR ARTICLES & IDEAS:

The 50/20/30 budgeting method
The 50/20/30 budgeting method

With the 50/20/30 budgeting method:

  • 50% of your monthly spending goes toward essentials - your home, your food, etc.
  • 20% of your monthly spending ...
Debt payments

Debt payments may look confusing when you add it to the savings column. But the easiest way to build up a savings balance is not to have your money go toward debt. Once your debt is paid off, you can increase the savings.

Reducing your essentials

Play around with your monthly budget to see where you can reduce your monthly spending:

  • You could contact your internet company to get a discount.
  • You can clip coupons and use rebate apps to spend less on your monthly groceries.
  • You could set aside less for medical expenses if you have an emergency fund.
Budgeting = creating a plan to spend your money

Budgeting is simply balancing your expenses with your income.

It's a plan for the coordination of resources and expenditures. When you budget your money, there’s a desir...

How to create a budget
  1. Gather Some Financial Information: gather a detailed list of your income and expenses.
  2. Select a Budgeting Method: figure out how you’ll budget your money to meet your most pressing financial goals.
  3. Create Your Budget: tally up all your expenses and income to see where you stand and allocate expenses.
  4. Execute Your Plan: you can use a notebook, pen and paper, a spreadsheet or an online software.
  5. Reward Yourself: you can work a small percentage into your budget to treat yourself each month.
The 70:20:10 budgeting method

This method suggests that you allocate 70 percent of your income to expenses, 20 percent to savings, and the remaining 10 percent to debt.

70:20:10 may work for someone with a healthy emergency fund and minimal debt.

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A Monthly Budget For Your Money

No matter how little or how much money you earn, creating a monthly budget is one of the most important aspects of managing your finances. What gets measured gets managed.

...

The Envelope System

The Envelope system is a way to track your variable expenses like food, entertainment, and drinks.

This method, preferably used weekly, allocates a certain amount in each category in labeled envelopes (food, drinks, movies, etc.). Once the envelope is empty, you are done spending in that category.

How to Create a Good Budget

The principles that make a good budget, something you can stick to:

  • Being Realistic: Being too strict is a recipe for failure.
  • Making Adjustments: A budget is not set in stone, but a fluid thing.
  • A Team Sport: If you live with a partner or spouse, you have to agree mutually on how to budget the financials.
  • Expect the Unexpected: Keep an emergency fund, ideally 3-6 months of necessary expenses.
  • Budgeting the Expected: Certain upcoming expenses need to be budgeted in advance, like property tax, holiday shopping, etc.

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The zero-sum budget

Using this method forces you to “spend” every dollar that you make, by allocating all of your earnings into the different categories that your finances require.

It prevents waste and m...

Steps of the zero-sum budget
  1. Determine how much you make on any given month.
  2. List your bills: Once you determine how much money you'll make this month,  figure out how much money you need to spend next month.
  3. Compare and contrast:  Once you see your monthly income and your monthly bills on paper, a clear picture of how much money is left over emerges.
  4. Spend all of your money on paper: decide where that money will serve you best.
  5. Track your spending.
  6.  Make adjustments to get it right.
Financial planning

 ...is the process which provides you a framework for achieving your life goals in a systematic and planned way by avoiding shocks and surprises.

Try making a budget
  • Create a full inventory of expenses in front of you: Categorize them into fixed and variable; urgent and non-urgent; necessities and luxury; avoidable and unavoidable.
  • You can create a hierarchy of needs and decide which one’s to address first. It’s all about prioritizing. 
  • Accept that you have limited resources and unlimited wants. But you have to manage your resources. The sooner you accept this fact, the better you can control your impulses towards avoidable expenditures.
Maintain a personal balance sheet

It’s a statement wherein you can jot down your assets and liabilities.

  • Pull together your bank statements and other proofs of the liabilities
  • List down your assets like the bank balance, all investments, home value, and value of other assets.
  • Take a sum of all the assets to arrive at the total value of your assets.
  • List down your liabilities the (car loan, home loan, credit card balances etc.)
  • The sum of all the liabilities will show the value of the money you owe.
  • When you subtract the value of liabilities from assets, you get your Net Worth.

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What a Budget Does

As a personal financial planning tool, a written, monthly budget allows you to plan for how you'll spend and/or save your money each month and also keep track of your spending patterns.

Make a Budget in 6 Simple Steps
  1. Gather every financial statement you can (bank statements, investment accounts, recent utility bills).
  2. Record all of your sources of income.
  3. Create a list of monthly expenses.
  4. Break expenses into 2 categories: fixed and variable.
  5. Total your monthly income and monthly expenses.
  6. Make adjustments to expenses: If you have accurately identified and listed all of your expenses, the ultimate goal would be to have your income and expense columns to be equal.
The 50/15/5 rule for multiple financial goals
The 50/15/5 rule for multiple financial goals
  • 50% of your income goes toward essential expenses: rent, bills, minimum debt payments.
  • 15% percent goes to retirement savings. They also suggest you increase this by ...
The Golden Rules of Personal Finance
  • Spend less money than you earn
  • Always plan for the future: you should always look forward beyond the current month
  • Make your mon...
When budgeting comes in handy
  • You have no idea where your money is going.
  • You’re chronically overspending.
  • You’re not saving any money.
  • You struggle to afford the things you really want.
  • You...