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Pop music 'saw three revolutions'

Western pop music

A research team looked at more than 17,000 songs from the US Billboard Hot 100 and found three music revolutions - in 1964, 1983, and 1991.

The researchers looked at the different characteristics of music, including harmony, chords changes, and timbres, then analyzed how they changed over time.

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Pop music 'saw three revolutions'

Pop music 'saw three revolutions'

https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-32599916

bbc.com

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Key Ideas

Western pop music

A research team looked at more than 17,000 songs from the US Billboard Hot 100 and found three music revolutions - in 1964, 1983, and 1991.

The researchers looked at the different characteristics of music, including harmony, chords changes, and timbres, then analyzed how they changed over time.

Stylistic revolutions

  • In the 1960s, the radical new rocky sound emerged from the Beatles to the Rolling Stones.
  • The minor seventh chords were introduced through funk, soul, and disco in the 1970s.
  • In the 1980s, there was a blip where the introduction of arena rock meant that music lacked diversity.
  • New technology, synthesizers, samplers, and drum machines marked the second major style shift in 1983.
  • In 1991, rap and hip-hop went mainstream. This revolution doesn't use a lot of harmonies. Emphasis is on speech sounds and rhythm.

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