After using these two arguments to dispel solipsism... - Deepstash

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After using these two arguments to dispel solipsism and skepticism. Descartes seems to have succeeded in defining reality as being in three parts: God (infinite), minds, and material things (both finite). Rene Descartes dedicated the last part to response to the possible criticism on his claim such as phantom limbs, dreams, and dropsy.

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The Proof of Mind and Body Distinction

The Proof of Mind and Body Distinction

Premise 1: If I can clearly and distinctly perceive something, then it is possible for God to create it.

Premise 2: If God creates something to be independent of another, they are distinct from each other.

Premise 3: I clearly and dis...

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Those conclusions create the mind-body distinction and it is also known as Dualism.

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Premise 4: I clearly and distinctly understand my body as an extended thing, not requiring a mind.

Conclusion 2: Therefore, God can create a body independently of a mind. (From Conclusion 1 and Premise 4)

Premise 5: My mind is a reali...

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Imagination And Understanding Distinction

Imagination And Understanding Distinction

After knowing that the existence of such objects is possible. Descartes will use mental images as a proof, but first he draw a distinction between Imagination and Understand.

Imagination - is a faculty of that is directly accessible to the body, requiring no intellectual pr...

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Premise 3: If independent material things do not exist, God is a deceiver.

- as everything in external world will become an illusion

Premise 4: God is not a deceiver.

- He is perfect being and the quality of being all good is includ...

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This is the end of the Meditation on First Philosophy by Rene Descartes.

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Rene Descartes on External Reality

Rene Descartes on External Reality

Now, after proving the existence of distinct and clear ideas as the standard for truth, Rene Descartes addresses the potential existence of material outside of the self and God.

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First, he suggested that objects exist because God has the power to create them. This implies that the existence of external world doesn't need any theoretical explain, just by the ability of God, external world can make them into being.

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But this is not a proof. At this point, he has only shown that their existence (external world) could conveniently explain this mental process.

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The New Context

The New Context

Rene Descartes reviews his premises for the Meditations (that anything can be doubt cannot be trusted) However, he view these arguments within a new context as after the Meditation I, he has proved the existence of himself and of a Perfect God now. Thus, Descartes jumps quickly t...

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The Proof of Material World

The Proof of Material World

Premise 1: My belief in the reality of external world is grounded in a strong inclination based on my senses.

- External world is explain the mental images that we have.

Premise 2: This inclination is attributed to the nature in which God cre...

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CURATED FROM

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kyoie99

Just doin Philosophy

Summary of Meditation VI. Of the Existence of Material Things, and of the real distinction between the Soul and Body of Man.

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