Descartes' Meditation VI - Deepstash

Keep reading for FREE

Rene Descartes on External Reality

Rene Descartes on External Reality

Now, after proving the existence of distinct and clear ideas as the standard for truth, Rene Descartes addresses the potential existence of material outside of the self and God.


286 reads

First, he suggested that objects exist because God has the power to create them. This implies that the existence of external world doesn't need any theoretical explain, just by the ability of God, external world can make them into being.


217 reads

Imagination And Understanding Distinction

Imagination And Understanding Distinction

After knowing that the existence of such objects is possible. Descartes will use mental images as a proof, but first he draw a distinction between Imagination and Understand.

Imagination - is a faculty of that is directly accessible to the body, requiring no intellectual processing or conceptualization. Which therefore exist like mental picture.

Understanding - is an apprehension that doesn't really need or represented by mental images.


191 reads

But this is not a proof. At this point, he has only shown that their existence (external world) could conveniently explain this mental process.


178 reads

The New Context

The New Context

Rene Descartes reviews his premises for the Meditations (that anything can be doubt cannot be trusted) However, he view these arguments within a new context as after the Meditation I, he has proved the existence of himself and of a Perfect God now. Thus, Descartes jumps quickly to proofs of the division between the body and mind and that material things exist.


144 reads

The Proof of Mind and Body Distinction

The Proof of Mind and Body Distinction

Premise 1: If I can clearly and distinctly perceive something, then it is possible for God to create it.

Premise 2: If God creates something to be independent of another, they are distinct from each other.

Premise 3: I clearly and distinctly understand my existence as a thinking thing, not requiring the existence of a body.

Conclusion 1: Therefore, God can create a thinking thing independently of a body. (From Premise 1 and 2)


121 reads

Premise 4: I clearly and distinctly understand my body as an extended thing, not requiring a mind.

Conclusion 2: Therefore, God can create a body independently of a mind. (From Conclusion 1 and Premise 4)

Premise 5: My mind is a reality distinct from my body.

Conclusion 3: Therefore, I (a thinking thing) can exist without a body. (From Conclusion 2 and Premise 5)


103 reads

Those conclusions create the mind-body distinction and it is also known as Dualism.


112 reads

The Proof of Material World

The Proof of Material World

Premise 1: My belief in the reality of external world is grounded in a strong inclination based on my senses.

- External world is explain the mental images that we have.

Premise 2: This inclination is attributed to the nature in which God created me.

- Rene Descartes believe in external world not because of any theoretical explanation, but because God has the power to create it.


96 reads

Premise 3: If independent material things do not exist, God is a deceiver.

- as everything in external world will become an illusion

Premise 4: God is not a deceiver.

- He is perfect being and the quality of being all good is included in his perfection

Conclusion: Therefore, independent material things exist and possess essential properties, as my belief is a product of God's non-deceptive creation.


94 reads

After using these two arguments to dispel solipsism and skepticism. Descartes seems to have succeeded in defining reality as being in three parts: God (infinite), minds, and material things (both finite). Rene Descartes dedicated the last part to response to the possible criticism on his claim such as phantom limbs, dreams, and dropsy.


104 reads

This is the end of the Meditation on First Philosophy by Rene Descartes.


116 reads


115 reads



Just doin Philosophy


Summary of Meditation VI. Of the Existence of Material Things, and of the real distinction between the Soul and Body of Man.


Explore the World’s

Best Ideas

200,000+ ideas on pretty much any topic. Created by the smartest people around & well-organized so you can explore at will.

An Idea for Everything

Explore the biggest library of insights. And we've infused it with powerful filtering tools so you can easily find what you need.

Knowledge Library

Powerful Saving & Organizational Tools

Save ideas for later reading, for personalized stashes, or for remembering it later.

# Personal Growth

Take Your Ideas


Organize your ideas & listen on the go. And with Pro, there are no limits.

Listen on the go

Just press play and we take care of the words.

Never worry about spotty connections

No Internet access? No problem. Within the mobile app, all your ideas are available, even when offline.

Get Organized with Stashes

Ideas for your next work project? Quotes that inspire you? Put them in the right place so you never lose them.


2 Million Stashers


5,740 Reviews

App Store


72,690 Reviews

Google Play

Sean Green

Great interesting short snippets of informative articles. Highly recommended to anyone who loves information and lacks patience.

Ashley Anthony

This app is LOADED with RELEVANT, HELPFUL, AND EDUCATIONAL material. It is creatively intellectual, yet minimal enough to not overstimulate and create a learning block. I am exceptionally impressed with this app!

Shankul Varada

Best app ever! You heard it right. This app has helped me get back on my quest to get things done while equipping myself with knowledge everyday.


Don’t look further if you love learning new things. A refreshing concept that provides quick ideas for busy thought leaders.

Laetitia Berton

I have only been using it for a few days now, but I have found answers to questions I had never consciously formulated, or to problems I face everyday at work or at home. I wish I had found this earlier, highly recommended!

Ghazala Begum

Even five minutes a day will improve your thinking. I've come across new ideas and learnt to improve existing ways to become more motivated, confident and happier.

Jamyson Haug

Great for quick bits of information and interesting ideas around whatever topics you are interested in. Visually, it looks great as well.

Giovanna Scalzone

Brilliant. It feels fresh and encouraging. So many interesting pieces of information that are just enough to absorb and apply. So happy I found this.

Read & Learn

20x Faster





Access to 200,000+ ideas

Access to the mobile app

Unlimited idea saving & library

Unlimited history

Unlimited listening to ideas

Downloading & offline access

Personalized recommendations

Supercharge your mind with one idea per day

Enter your email and spend 1 minute every day to learn something new.


I agree to receive email updates