Unconscious bias refers to unconscious forms of discrimination and stereotyping. Unconscious bias often leads to discrimination, be it deliberate or unintentional.
Unconscious bias is different from cognitive biases. Cognitive biases relate to our brains' particular wiring, while unconscious bias refers to perceptions between different groups and are specific to different societies.
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Cognitive Bias is a predictable pattern of mental errors where we misperceive reality and move away from the most likely way of reaching our goals.
These mental blind spots impact all areas of life. Cognitive biases have to do with judgment, not mood.
We make decisions based on the information that we have. However, we tend to be more reliant on the negative more than the positive. This causes two outcomes:
Risk aversion – where we prefer an assured outcome over a gamble with a higher expected outcome; and
Loss aversion – where we tend to shy away from losses in comparison to the acquirement of tantamount gains.
People with negativity bias are less likely to be motivated and have clouded judgement.
They pop up to do mischief, even when you're not conscious of it.
We can learn to recognize bias in ourselves and reduce the harmful impact of that part of ourselves by applying acceptance and commitment therapy. It focuses on developing psychological flexibility. When we investigate our implicit biases, we become more aware of them and can bring our actions in line with our conscious beliefs.