Generally, ennui makes you feel almost always bored (in general or in specific parts of your life - your job or your hobbies); you feel this boredom on a deep, existential level, in a way that is hard to change.
You may also lack enthusiasm or excitement and show no interest in how the future will look like.
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Ennui is a form of chronic boredom and it usually involves tiredness, dissatisfaction, apathy and feeling that everything is uninteresting and unfulfilling.
A person can suffer from ennui but not depression. Similarly, this also means that it’s possible for someone to suffer from depression but not ennui.
Depression is well defined from a clinical perspective, and is therefore a commonly used medical term, whereas ennui isn’t, and shouldn’t be viewed as such.
The two terms are often used interchangeably.
The structure and use of dictionaries have changed as new technologies developed.
Usually, ‘virtue signaling’ has a negative meaning (even if there are a few situations where it is likely to lead to meaningful positive outcomes).
This behavior is generally defined as being mainly driven by the desire to signal your good moral values, regardless of whether it leads to a meaningful outcome or not.
The meaning of chutzpah differs depending on context and degree. In the right circumstances, chutzpah may suggest spirit. In the wrong situation, chutzpah indicates insolence.
A positive aspect of chutzpah revolves around being confident, daring, and brazen. The negative viewpoint of chutzpah revolves around violating norms and overstepping boundaries. But chutzpah can be positive or negative depending on a person's perspective.