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Begging the question

Begging the question

Begging the question is an example of a fallacy of presumption, also known as a circular argument: The conclusion appears at the beginning and the end of the argument. A is true because A is true.

A valid argument in support of a claim will offer evidence or reasons independent of the claim.

Structure of circular reasoning

The most simple form of begging the question: A is true because A is true.

Circular reasoning can also be a bit longer:

  • A is true because B is true, and B is true because A is true.
  • A is true because B is true, and B is true because C is true. C is correct because A is true.

Begging the question example

"The law says you should drive on the right side of the road, and the law is the law."

When someone is questioning this statement, they are questioning the law. If we say, "because that is the law," we are begging the question. We are assuming the validity of what the other person is questioning.

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These fallacies are techniques of avoidance factors that people will use when they think they have leverage over you, and that they are better or hold power over you. The narcissistic form of dissonance here is a way of belittling your interpersonal attempts. The saddest part is that people don't do this to others, because they would lose the respect in the regular world. They will only express these types of actions towards those who are in a position of vulnerability and handicap. It projects weakness's inside their character, and shows you where by what they choose to act upon.