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Fountain pens, although stylish, were messy and impractical.
In 1945, Gimbels started to sell a new kind of ink pen, made by the Reynolds International Pen Company. With its quick-dry ink a...
The first generation of ballpoint pens cost around 55 shillings (£82.50/$107.50 in 2020 prices). It was in the same style as fountain pens. They were made of metal and intended to be refilled with ink. But with so many companies selling it, the market became saturated, buying refills, but not more pens.
Italian-born French industrialist Michel Bich added the catalyst of disposability. He understood the concept of the mass market and created his new company, Societe Bic. His pen only cost a shilling.
The ballpoint pen was the equivalent of today's smartphone. Before the ballpoint pen, writing was a stationary act that had to be done on a certain kind of desk, with all the other things at hand that allowed you to write.
The ballpoint pen turned writing into something that could happen anywhere. Plastic mass production allowed the pens to become even cheaper, allowing for the transformation of societies.
Is involves repeated short sessions, from 6 seconds to 4 minutes, with rests from 30 seconds to 4 minutes in between.
Any type of high-intensity interval training, irrespective of the ...
Are physical activities undertaken as part of carrying out normal daily chores.
Brief sessions of 20 seconds of stair-climbing (60 steps) repeated 3 times a day on 3 days per week over 6 weeks for example can lead to measurable improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness.
Invented back in the 19th century, bicycles were as disruptive as the iPhone was when it was launched in 2007.
A bicycle was unbelievably cool, took one anywhere for free quickly and didn’t...
John Kemp Starley invented the bicycle as we know it today when he was only 30. His ‘Rover Safety’ bicycle, first displayed in a bicycle show in 1886, was a curiosity, but later when pneumatic tires were added to it to cushion the ride, it became safer, smoother and also 30 per cent faster.
The masses, especially women, suddenly experienced freedom to go anywhere without the need for expensive carriages and horses.
The bicycles transformed society, and emancipated women in a way nothing else could. Women found them lightweight, fast, affordable and easy to take care of.
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