The phobia center of the brain

The phobia center of the brain

There is no one place responsible for phobias in the brain. Many parts of the brain take part. 

However, fear is important to the brain's emotional processing and learning center: known as the amygdala and the hippocampus, with a central role in the process of forming memories.

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Health

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Treatments for phobias
  1. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (sometimes called psychotherapy) has proved to be the most effective treatment for people with phobias.
  2. Exposure is another part of the treatment. It teaches the brain how to deal with seeing or being close to what the patient fears.
A person with phobia:
  • feels too much mental and physical anxiety
  • avoids situations where they may come across what they fear
  • suffers personally or professionally in some way. A person with a phobia may turn down a promotion because that job would involve sometimes traveling cross country and they're afraid of flying on an airplane.

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Arachnophobia

Arachnophobia, otherwise known as spider phobia, is the intenst fear of spiders and other arachnids.

  • Classified as a specific phobia, arachnophobia causes clinically significant distress that can impact an individual's quality of life.
  • When in contact with, or thinking about arachnids, individuals will likely feel fear and experience symptoms of anxiety almost immediately.

Keep in mind that while the fear of spiders is common, not every person who feels afraid or on edge around them has arachnophobia.

What You Need to Know About Arachnophobia

verywellmind.com

Social Phobia

Social phobia is an extreme fear of social situations such as speaking in public and interacting with others. The fear can be so extreme it can affect one's relationships with friends, family, and work colleagues. People with social phobia are terrified of being embarrassed in social situations. Social phobia is also sometimes called social anxiety disorder.

What's Your Biggest Fear? Phobias

medicinenet.com

People with height phobias think something bad will happen when they are up high. But you are safer than you think and your feared outcome about heights won't really happen.
Ask yourself:

  • What do you believe will happen when you expose yourself to your fear?
  • How likely do you think it is that this would happen?
  • What would be the outcome of it happening? (you might believe a tall building will collapse.)

Once you've answered the questions, start small with the thing you fear and see that the worst doesn't actually happen, or that it is not as bad as you feared.

How to overcome a fear of heights | Psyche Guides

psyche.co

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