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Ancient Greek Philosophy

Ancient Greek Philosophy

  • Ancient Greek philosophy extends from as far as the seventh century B.C. up until the beginning of the Roman Empire, in the first century A.D.
  • It distinguishes itself from other early forms of philosophical and theological theorizing for its emphasis on reason as opposed to the senses or the emotions.
  • During this period five great philosophical traditions originated: the Platonist, the Aristotelian, the Stoic, the Epicurean, and the Skeptic.
  • Favorite themes include the principle of reality, the good; the life worth being lived; the distinction between appearance and reality, etc.

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MORE IDEAS FROM THE SAME ARTICLE

  • Throughout history, Epicureanism has often been misunderstood as a doctrine preaching indulgence into the most vicious bodily pleasures.
  • On the contrary, Epicurus himself was known for his temperate eating habits, and for his moderation. His exhorta...

  • Stoicism originated in Athens with Zeno of Citium, around 300B.C.
  • Stoic philosophy is centered on a metaphysical principle: that reality is governed by logos and that what happens is necessary.
  • For Stoicism, the goal of human philos...

  • Pyrrho of Elis (c. 360-c. 270 B.C.) is the earliest figure in ancient Greek skepticism on record.
  • Probably influenced by the Buddhist tradition of his time, Pyrrho viewed the suspension of judgment as a means to achieve that freedom of disturbance that alone...

  • Plato (427-347 B.C.) is the first of the central figures of ancient philosophy and he is the earliest author whose work we can read in considerable quantities. 
  • He has written about nearly all major philosophical issues and is probably most famous for his the...

  • Aristotle (384-322B.C.) was a student of Plato and one of the most influential philosophers to date.
  • He gave an essential contribution to the development of logic, rhetoric, biology, and – among others – formulated the theories of substance and virtue ethics...

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