When expectations are useful - Deepstash
What Is Opportunity Cost

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The impact of opportunity cost on personal and professional life

Evaluating the benefits and drawbacks of different choices

Understanding the concept of opportunity cost

What Is Opportunity Cost

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When expectations are useful

When expectations are useful

Expectations are more than the mere anticipation: they enable us to make sense of a conversation in a noisy room, despite the loss of a word here and there, and likewise, to be able to read text messages on our cell phones, despite the fact that some of the words are scrambled.

And although expectations can make us look foolish from time to time, they are also very powerful and useful.

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3.89K reads

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The power of the first decision

We should pay particular attention to the first decision we make in what is going to be a long stream of decisions.

When we face such a decision, it might seem to us that this is just one decision, with little to no consequences; but in fact, the power of the first decisio...

1.41K

5.21K reads

Expectations shape stereotypes

A stereotype is a way of categorizing information, in the hope of predicting experiences. The brain cannot start from scratch at every new situation. It must build on what it has seen before. For that reason, stereotypes are not intrinsically malevolent.

They provide short...

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3.5K reads

Corporations and social norms

Corporations and social norms

Money is very often the most expensive way to motivate people. Social norms are not only cheaper but often more effective as well.

If corporations started thinking in terms of social norms they would realize that these norms build loyalty and—more important—make people wan...

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4.59K reads

Anchoring

Anchoring is a cognitive bias where an individual depends too heavily on an initial piece of information offered to make subsequent judgments during decision making.

Anchoring influences all kinds of purchases. Research found that people who move to a new city generall...

1.38K

5.98K reads

The decoy effect

The decoy effect

It is a cognitive bias: we tend to have a specific change in preferences between two options when also presented with a third option that is asymmetrically dominated.

This is the secret agent in more decisions than we could imagine. It even helps us decide whom to date...

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9.03K reads

Why we fall for temptation

Why we fall for temptation

Without precommitments, we keep on falling for temptation. Resisting temptation and instilling self-control are general human goals, and repeatedly failing to achieve them is a source of much of our misery.

The struggle for control is all around us: bo...

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3.95K reads

We have an irrational compulsion to keep doors open

We have an irrational compulsion to keep doors open

It's just the way we're wired. But that doesn't mean we shouldn't try to close them.

We need to drop out of committees that are a waste of our time. We ought to shut them because they draw energy and commitment away keeping doors open from the doors that should be left ope...

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3.92K reads

Humans rarely choose things in absolute terms

Humans rarely choose things in absolute terms

We don't have an internal value meter that tells us how much things are worth; we mostly focus on the relative advantage of one thing over another and estimate value accordingly.

For example, we don't know how much a six-cylinder car is worth, but we c...

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15.5K reads

Ownership pervades our lives

... and we usually don't make best decisions when it comes to it. Why? Because of three irrational quirks in our human nature:

  • We fall in love with what we already have.
  • We focus on what we may lose, rather than what we may gain.

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Arbitrary coherence

The basic idea of arbitrary coherence is this: although initial prices are "arbitrary," once those prices are established in our minds they will shape not only present prices but also future prices.

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Why FREE! make us so happy

Most transactions have an upside and a downside, but when something is FREE ! we forget the downside, FREE ! gives us such an emotional charge that we perceive what is being offered as immensely more valuable than it really is.

And that is because humans are intrin...

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5K reads

Looking at things in relation to others

We are always looking at the things around us in relation to others. We always compare jobs with jobs, vacations with vacations, lovers with lovers, and wines with wines.

We not only tend to compare things with one another but also tend to focus on compari...

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7.91K reads

The problem of procrastination

Giving up on our long-term goals for immediate gratification, my friends, is procrastination.

Emotions grab hold of us and make us view the world from a different perspective. Procrastination is rooted in the same kind of problem. When we promise to save our money, we ...

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4.26K reads

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