Biases That Influence Us Subconsciously - Deepstash

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Biases That Influence Us Subconsciously

  • Bias from mere association seeing situations as identical because they seem similar.
  • Self-serving bias: Overly positive view of our abilities and future.
  • Confirmation bias: Looking for evidence that confirms our actions and beliefs.
  • Status quo bias and do-nothing syndrome: Keeping things the way they are. Includes minimizing effort and a preference for default options.
  • Bias from anchoring: Over-weighing certain initial information as a reference point for future decisions.
  • Bias from reciprocation tendency: Repaying in kind what others have done for or to us like favors, concessions, information and attitudes.
  • Bias from over-influence by liking tendency: Believing, trusting and agreeing with people we know and like.
  • Bias from over-influence by social proof: Imitating the behavior of many others or similar others. Includes crowd folly.
  • Bias from over-influence by authority: Trusting and obeying a perceived authority or expert.


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When We Fail To Understand Causes

When We Fail To Understand Causes

This translate into:

  • Not understanding what causes desired results.
  • Believing cause resembles its effect – that a big effect must have a big or complicated cause.
  • “Underestimating the influence of randomness in bad ...


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Cultural Evolution

Cultural Evolution

  • It relates to the practices, methods, tools, myths, ethics, and social norms that are important in the evolution of our behavior. Customs that we learn from the experience of our parents and others – either by teaching or observation.
  • Cultural evolution is ...


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Simplification And Decision Making

Simplification And Decision Making

  • Make problems easier to solve. Turn complicated problems into simpler ones. Eliminate everything except the essentials. Break down a problem into its components but look at the problem holistically.
  • Be problem-oriented. Not method-oriented. Use wha...


977 reads

Psychological Reasons for Misjudgments

  • Underestimating the power of rewards and punishment
  • Valuing the present more highly than the future.
  • Over-influence by vivid or the most recent information.
  • Constructing explanations that fit an outcome.


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We Can’t Eliminate Mistakes

We Can’t Eliminate Mistakes

... but we can prevent those that can really hurt us. If we understand what influences us, we might avoid certain traps and understand why others act like they do.

And if we learn and understand what works and doesn’t work and find some framework for reasoning, we will mak...


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Using Rules And Filters

  • Filters help us prioritize and figure out what makes sense. When we know what we want, we need criteria to evaluate alternatives. Ask: What are the most critical (and knowable) factors that will cause what I want to achieve or avoid? Criteria must be based on evidence and b...


560 reads



  • Evidence helps us prove what is likely to happen or likely to be true or false. Evidence comes from facts, observations, experiences, comparisons, and experiments.
  • Do what scientists do: Strive for objectivity. Scientists try to describe the world ...


804 reads

Models of Reality

  • A model is an idea that helps us better understand how the world works. Models illustrate consequences and answer questions like ‘why’ and ‘how’.
  • A valuable model produces meaningful explanations and predictions of likely future consequences where th...


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  • The theory behind evolution is that all individuals alive today have evolved from simpler, more primitive forms of life
  • There is fossil, anatomical and molecular evidence of evolution.
  • The major mechanisms responsible for the evolut...


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“There is always some background within which behavior makes sense. Behavior can’t be seen as rational or irrational independent of context. We are created with a series of emotions that are appropriate depending on circumstances. If we change context or environment, we change behavior.“...



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"A man who has committed a mistake and doesn't correct it, is committing another mistake".



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Charlie Munger

"I believe in the discipline of mastering the best that other people have ever figured out. I don't believe in just sitting down and trying to dream it all up yourself. Nobody's that smart."



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Backward Thinking

  • Whenever we try to achieve a goal, solve problems, predict what is likely to happen or likely to be true or false, we should think things through backwards.
  • Avoid what causes the opposite of what you want to achieve.
  • Thinking backw...


901 reads

How Goals Should Be

  • Clearly defined
  • Focused on results
  • Realistic and logical
  • Measurable
  • Tailored to our individual needs
  • Subject to change.

Meaningful goals need to be backed by reasons as a way of testing that we set the right goal.


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“Words, definitions, propositions, statements, or goals don’t tell us anything. We need to understand what they mean. It is the same with knowledge. Knowledge is only valuable if it’s useful and something is only useful if we understand what it means.“



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Having The Right Attitude In Life

  • Part of avoiding misjudgments and improving our lives is having the right attitude toward life.
  • Since people are different, there is no one-size-fits-all strategy. We each must figure out our own style. But there are guidelines that apply to us all...


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“It is our brain, its anatomy, physiology and biochemistry and how these parts function that set the limits for how we think. But since our brain’s parts also interact with our body’s anatomy, physiology and biochemistry, we must see brain and body together. They are part of the same system –...



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Failing To Consider Coincidences And Miracles

  • Underestimating that surprises and improbable events happen, somewhere, sometimes, to someone, if they have enough opportunities (large enough size or time) to happen.
  • Looking for meaning, searching for causes, and making up patterns for chance events


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