Assembly-line production method
Adam Smiths' ideas in "The wealth of nations" were a motivating factor in the evolution from land-based wealth to wealth created by assembly-line production methods that included labour division.
Smith argued that the division of labour and the associated specialisation creates prosperity.
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Adam Smith was an 18th-century Scottish economist, philosopher, and author. He is considered the father of modern economics.
The ideas in "The wealth of nations"(Adam Smith) provided the seed for the concept of GDP and altered the importing and exporting business.
Before, countries declared their wealth based on the value of their gold and silver. Smith argued that countries should instead be evaluated based on their levels of production and commerce. This concept was the foundation for creating the GDP metric for measuring the wealth of a country.
Adam Smith's work discusses the evolution of human society.
Political science professor Elinor Ostrom showed that common-pool resources, such as water supplies or fish, can be effectively managed collectively without government or private control.
But this is only possible if those using the resource are physically close to it and have a relationship with each other. They will self-police to ensure community rules are followed.
Contagion, in financial terms, refers to the diffusion of economic booms, and can occur both domestically and globally. It is basically a spread of an economic crisis from one region to another, and spreads on an international level due to the global market interdependence.
The term contagion was coined during the 1997 Asian financial crisis, but it was occurring namelessly even during the Great Depression in the 1930s.