World’s first commercial airline: The two flying brothers
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The first scheduled passenger airline service took off on Jan 1, 1914. Thomas Benoist designed the "flying boat", the pilot was Tony Jannus, and Abram C. Pheil was the first paying passenger.
The 21-mile (34-kilometre) flight took 23 minutes, flying from St. Petersburg to Tampa, Fla. The plane flew no higher than 50 feet (15.2 m) over the water. Halfway, the engine misfired, and Jannus touched down in the bay, made adjustments and took off again. When the plane landed, they were swarmed by a cheering crowd of about 3,500.
Tony Jannus was an experienced test pilot for military planes and flew long-distance airplanes and airboats. By 1913, he became one of the principal stockholders in the Benoist Aircraft Company.
A Model 14 Benoist airboat weighed 1,250 lbs. (567 kilograms). It was 26 feet (8 meters) long and had a wingspan of 44 feet (13 m). The top speed of the airplane was 64 mph (103 km/h). The plane was built for one pilot and one passenger side-by-side on one wooden seat.
Taking a flight creates physical and emotional changes in us, something that is now being more extensively researched. Air travel can change our mood, make us emotionally weak (more crying) or sad, and even change how our senses work.
The factors responsible for this phenomenon are the high altitude, the reduced air pressure, inadequate oxygen going in the brain and overall anxiety associated with flying.
Planes can fly quite easily without engines, as gliders (planes without engines), paper planes, and gliding birds show us.
A plane's engine is designed to move the plane forward at high speed. The wings move a plane upward. At high speed, the air flows fast over the wings and throws the air down toward the ground, generating an upward force, or lift. The upward force overcomes the plane's weight and keeps it in the sky.
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