What is an Ethical Dilemma?
An ethical dilemma (ethical paradox or moral dilemma) is a problem in the decision-making process between two possible options, neither of which is absolutely acceptable from an ethical perspective.
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The biggest challenge of an ethical dilemma is that it does not offer an obvious solution that would comply with ethics al norms.
The following approaches to solve an ethical dilemma were deduced:
Typically, the law tells us what we are prohibited from doing and what we are required to do. It is said that the law sets minimum standards of behavior while ethics sets maximum standards.
Ethics provides us with guides on what is the right thing to do in all aspects of life, while the law generally provides more specific rules so that societies and their institutions can be maintained. Ethics engages our thinking and also our feelings, including those of disgust and guilt.
Lawrence Kohlberg questioned why children differed in their ethical judgements. They think more in terms of black and white, or egocentric, or rational.
In an experiment, Kohlberg gave children open-ended questions to explain their answers. From this, he identified three stages of moral development:
The way you frame your decision at the outset can make all the difference.
State your decision problems carefully, acknowledge their complexity and avoid unwarranted assumptions and option-limiting prejudices.
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