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Interesting Philosophy

68 STASHED IDEAS

Techne & mētis

Greeks separated knowledge into:

  • Techne: Technical knowledge that could be expressed precisely in the form of hard-and-fast rules (not rules of thumb), principles & propositions. Techne is based on logical deduction from self-evident first principles.
  • Metis: Practical knowledge for “situations which are transient, shifting & ambiguous, which do not lend themselves to precise measurement or calculation.”

Mētis is contextual, techne is universal. Mētis is for broadly similar but never precisely identical situations requiring practiced adaptation that becomes second nature to the practitioner.

Vladimir Oane (@vladimiroane) - Profile Photo

@vladimiroane

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Interesting Philosophy

https://books.google.com/books/content?id=CA7UDwAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&img=1&zoom=1&edge=curl&source=gbs_api

Seeing Like a State

by James C. Scott

What Does This Tell Us?

The whole Athenian way of being human was radically different from our own. Life in Athens was sustained by "cosmic ecology", a symbiotic ecology of gods, motherland and people. This was practiced by ancient Egyptians, ancient Chinese, and people of many pre colonial societies.   

To us, their real world looks strange, bizarre and unreal. Our real world's uniqueness comes from the scientific revolution, capitalism and the enlightement.

Cafeteria Stoicism

Stoicism is made up of conflicting writings, especially around God, determinism vs free will, happiness vs avoidance of pain etc. Today most Stoic fans are practicing a cafeteria approach: picking up the few useful bits, modifying others, discarding the rest. 

But it’s important to know that this is what we’re doing. Because to the extent that we’re taking this approach, we’re not practicing Stoicism. We are abandoning it and relying implicitly on different (and often unidentified) philosophic ideas.

The False Promise of Stoicism

newideal.aynrand.org

Philosophy then teaches us the fundamental techniques to find meaning and purpose. At some point in our lives, we have to ask and answer the following questions for ourselves.

  • What is true?
  • Why do I believe it to be true?
  • How should I live based on what I believe?

Not answering these questions will result in a mental or emotional crisis, such as depression, anxiety, and an inability to find a sense of purpose.

Why We All Need Philosophy | Mark Manson

markmanson.net

If someone is facing a moral dilemma and they just lookup for an answer from AI or even a human, then they're not taking that decision seriously. The idea that we could build moral machines presupposes that the nature of ethics is such that we could outsource our decision to machines or to other people. But when we confront decisions, they're ours to make and we can't hand these over. We can't escape our responsibility for the decisions by employing an expert. We're who we're because of the ethical decisions we've made in the past.

Philosopher's Zone - The problem with "moral machines"

podcasts.google.com

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