Principles and Practice in Second Language Acquisition - Deepstash

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THE ACQUISITION-LEARNING DISTINCTION IN SECOND LANGUAGE

THE ACQUISITION-LEARNING DISTINCTION IN SECOND LANGUAGE

The acquisition-learning distinction is perhaps one of the more fundamental hypotheses when it comes to second language studies. It maintains that adults have two distinct and independent ways of developing competence in a second language.

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Acquisition

The first way is language acquisition. Language

acquisition is a subconscious process; language acquirers are not usually aware of the fact that they are acquiring language, but are only aware of the fact that they are using the language for communication.

The result of language acquisition, acquired competence, is also subconscious.

We are generally not consciously aware of the rules of the languages we have acquired. Instead, we have a "feel" for correctness.

Grammatical sentences "sound" right, or "feel" right, and errors feel wrong, even if we do not consciously know what rule was violated.

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Learning

The second way to develop competence in a second language is by language learning. The term "learning" is used to refer to conscious knowledge of a second language, knowing the rules, being aware of them, and being able to talk about them. In non-technical terms, learning is "knowing about" a language, known to most people as "grammar", or "rules". Some synonyms include formal knowledge of a language, or explicit learning.

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CURATED BY

sinarashidyani

An apirant linguist and language teacher, whose only dream is to leave a legacy. 📒

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