Polkadot Vs. COSMOS Vs. Octopus Network Vs. NEAR Protocol: Fat Hubs Are Better Than Hub Minimalism - Deepstash

Keep reading for FREE

Since 2020, the most noticeable trend in the crypto space is that Ethereum has been unable to maintain its dominance due to scalability constraints.

Meanwhile, various new public blockchains have continued to emerge. Some of them have already acquired a large volume of usage and hosted a huge amount of crypto assets.

The trend has made more and more people realize that the future of the blockchain world will not be one-chain-fits-all but rather an Internet of Blockchains.


59 reads

Cosmos and the Internet of Blockchains

When it comes to the topic of the Internet of Blockchains, the contributions of Cosmos and its founders cannot be ignored. In 2015, Jae Kwon and his collaborators created Tendermint , a PoS-based BFT consensus that allows anyone to create a blockchain quickly.

In Cosmos’ blueprint, there is a particular type of blockchain whose function is to link as many blockchains as possible, which is called a “hub.” The Cosmos Hub is the first of its kind. Corresponding with hubs, the specific purpose blockchains are called “zones”.


52 reads

Hub Minimalism — The Blockchain version of End-to-End Arguments

One is that the code of the hub is simplified, so the security and reliability go higher. The other is that the hub will dedicate its limited capacity to process cross-chain transactions, thereby reducing the cost of cross-chain transactions.

The designers of Cosmos followed the End-to-End Arguments  of the Internet architecture design. the function in question can completely and correctly be implemented only with the knowledge and help of the application standing at the endpoints of the communication system.

Hub Minimalism is the design philosophy of the Cosmos Network.


38 reads

Ethereum — The De Facto Hub of the Blockchain Internet

Take a look at the real-world blockchain interconnection topology, and you can easily find that Ethereum is at the center of the Hub-and-Spoke network, with bridges connecting all important blockchains.

The motivation for doing that is not because Ethereum is minimal, but precisely because Ethereum is maximized and accommodates the most application layer protocols and the largest volume of crypto assets. This makes Ethereum “the de facto hub ” of the blockchain Internet — a fat hub.


32 reads

The Minimalized Polkadot Relay

Polkadot has always been compared with Cosmos. Although the term is not used, Polkadot also practices Hub Minimalism.

The minimalized Polkadot Relay means that decentralized applications including DeFi can only be hosted by parachains. The development of DeFi protocols on Polkadot relies on the composability between parachains, which is presently challenged by two hurdles.


33 reads

Octopus Network — The Third Generation Multichain Network

Octopus Network is the third noteworthy multi-chain network after Cosmos and Polkadot. Its goal is to launch and run a large number of Web3.0 applications in the form of application-specific blockchains, aka appchains, which are safe and efficient. The core difference between the three multi-chain networks lies in the way the sub-chain (zone/parachain/appchain) obtains security.


35 reads

Currently, in the Cosmos Network, a zone is an independent Tendermint consensus blockchain, and the security comes from its own PoS. (Should Cosmos successfully implement its Interchain Shared Security  model, this may expand sometime in the future.)

Polkadot is a heterogeneous sharded blockchain. Parachains are not blockchains with independent consensus, but shards. The Relay Chain does all the validation and guarantees that every parachain has the same level of security.

An appchain can determine its own security level by adjusting the block rewards that it pays to validators.


30 reads



building @tellimer. #engineering, #machinelearning and #crypto

Ready for the next level?

Read Like a Pro


Explore the World’s

Best Ideas

200,000+ ideas on pretty much any topic. Created by the smartest people around & well-organized so you can explore at will.

An Idea for Everything

Explore the biggest library of insights. And we've infused it with powerful filtering tools so you can easily find what you need.

Knowledge Library

Powerful Saving & Organizational Tools

Save ideas for later reading, for personalized stashes, or for remembering it later.

# Personal Growth

Take Your Ideas


Organize your ideas & listen on the go. And with Pro, there are no limits.

Listen on the go

Just press play and we take care of the words.

Never worry about spotty connections

No Internet access? No problem. Within the mobile app, all your ideas are available, even when offline.

Get Organized with Stashes

Ideas for your next work project? Quotes that inspire you? Put them in the right place so you never lose them.


2 Million Stashers


5,740 Reviews

App Store


72,690 Reviews

Google Play

Ashley Anthony

This app is LOADED with RELEVANT, HELPFUL, AND EDUCATIONAL material. It is creatively intellectual, yet minimal enough to not overstimulate and create a learning block. I am exceptionally impressed with this app!

Shankul Varada

Best app ever! You heard it right. This app has helped me get back on my quest to get things done while equipping myself with knowledge everyday.


Don’t look further if you love learning new things. A refreshing concept that provides quick ideas for busy thought leaders.

Sean Green

Great interesting short snippets of informative articles. Highly recommended to anyone who loves information and lacks patience.

Jamyson Haug

Great for quick bits of information and interesting ideas around whatever topics you are interested in. Visually, it looks great as well.

Laetitia Berton

I have only been using it for a few days now, but I have found answers to questions I had never consciously formulated, or to problems I face everyday at work or at home. I wish I had found this earlier, highly recommended!

Giovanna Scalzone

Brilliant. It feels fresh and encouraging. So many interesting pieces of information that are just enough to absorb and apply. So happy I found this.

Ghazala Begum

Even five minutes a day will improve your thinking. I've come across new ideas and learnt to improve existing ways to become more motivated, confident and happier.

Read & Learn

20x Faster





Access to 200,000+ ideas

Access to the mobile app

Unlimited idea saving & library

Unlimited history

Unlimited listening to ideas

Downloading & offline access

Personalized recommendations


Claim Your Limited Offer

Get Deepstash Pro

Supercharge your mind with one idea per day

Enter your email and spend 1 minute every day to learn something new.


I agree to receive email updates