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Developed by researchers Lovibond and Lovibond at the University of New South Wales, the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21) is a well-established, self-administered instrument with 21 statements that help people define, understand, and measure clinically significant emotional states. The authors conceptualize this scale as a dimensional, rather than a categorical, measure of psychological disorder.
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 4.4% of the global population is affected by depression, and 3.6% is affected by anxiety.In addition, 30% of individuals in the United States report that they are “always” or “often” under stress.2 Lovibond and Lovibond created the DASS-21 to efficiently detect depression, anxiety, and stress in the general population. The first iteration of the scale included 42 items, but the DASS-21 is a shorter, revised version that can be completed faster.
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