Viking History: Facts & Myths - Deepstash





Viking History: Facts & Myths

Viking History: Facts & Myths

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The Vikings

The Vikings were groups of traders, explorers and warriors that came in their ships. These travellers(The term Viking refers to a pirate) discovered the Americas much before Columbus, along with a host of other places across the globe, due to their seafaring occupation.

In many stories and history books, these people are attributed as ‘bad people’ who come for looting treasures and for women, but in reality, their motives and cultures are richer and more diverse.



The Viking Age

.. was a period from A.D. 800 till 1050, when these Scandinavian people used to go all across northern Europe for trade and also for raiding the coasts.

The Viking raid in 793 when monks were killed, treasures looted and libraries burnt in Lindisfarne, England, made everyone perceive the Vikings as a savage group of warriors who had no respect for religion or appreciation for any kind of education.


The Viking Ships

..of the Norsemen were famous longship vessels, which were lightning-fast and adaptable in a variety of waters.

The Norse’s ship-building skills reached its pinnacle with ‘The Keel’ in the 7th century, a ship with a long structural beam that ran through the entire ship, making it speedy and stable, while preventing any lateral shift.


The Raids

By the 9th century, the Norse came to know about Europe’s stacks of wealth and came together to build raid ships that could help them attack the French coast, along with the towns in Paris, Limoges, etc due to their ships being capable of manoeuvring up the rivers.

The longships had carved dragon heads at the bow, as it was a sign of their artistic attention to detail, and also because it was believed to keep evil spirits away.


New World Expeditions

The 10th century saw the Vikings set up colonies in the west coast of Greenland, from where they undertook a set of journeys to Baffin Island, Labrador and Vinland(or Newfoundland). Presently the only confirmed Viking site in the New World is on the northern tip of Newfoundland, the rest two being unconfirmed.


Viking Myths

Over the centuries, many misperceptions created popular Viking myths, like their usage of the horned helmet, when in reality they went bareheaded or had a simple leather and metal-frame helmet, sometimes with a faceguard.

Another myth was they the Vikings were filthy and unkempt, something which was proven false by archaeologists who found evidence of the usage of combs, spoons and grooming utensils.



Coffee: An Ethiopian Legend

Coffee: An Ethiopian Legend

The story goes that that Kaldi discovered coffee. He noticed his goats became energetic after eating the berries from a certain tree.

Kaldi shared his findings with the abbot of a monastery...

Coffee In The Arabian Peninsula

Coffee cultivation and trade began on the Arabian Peninsula. Coffee was being grown in the Yemeni district of Arabia. By the 16th century, it was known in Persia, Egypt, Syria, and Turkey.

Coffee was enjoyed in homes and also in the many public coffee houses. Coffee houses quickly became such an important center for the exchange of information that they were often referred to as “Schools of the Wise.”

Coffee Comes to Europe

By the 17th century, coffee had made its way to Europe and was becoming popular across the continent. Despite the controversy, coffee houses were quickly becoming centers of social activity and communication in the major cities of England, Austria, France, Germany, and Holland.

Coffee began to replace the common breakfast drink beverages of the time — beer and wine.

3 more ideas

Use Snow For Various Medical Purposes

  • Ice is good for numbing pain, but avoid it when it’s so cold that frostbite can set in in record time.
  • As the film Arctic shows, snow can be used to plug wounds preventing hemo...

Don’t Let Your Water Bottle Freeze

Arctic explorers would carry their water bottles under their coats, on the ridge between their shoulders, right at the bases of their heads. That would keep it from melting without getting in the way of other stuff they had to carry.

They would also not drink their bottles all the way empty. Leaving a little water inside kept the refill from freezing.

Don’t Eat Snow, If Possible

Your body takes a lot of energy away from maintaining your core temperature in order to melt snow, so avoid it unless you are dehydrating.

Malcolm McLean

Malcolm McLean

McLean, first an American truck driver and later a businessman, developed the modern intermodal shipping container.

The development of standardized shipping containers

Malcom McLean's life

  • Malcolm McLean was born in November 1913 in Maxton, North Carolina.
  • He graduated from high school in 1935 and began working as a driver for his sibling's trucking company.

Malcom McLean solves a problem

  • In 1937, during a routine delivery to the port in North Carolina for shipment, McLean had to stay behind until his cargo had been loaded onto the ship.
  • He sat for hours watching dozens of hands load thousands of packages onto the ship. It was a diverse assortment of barrels, boxes, bags, crates, and drums. (A typical ship contained as many as 200,000 individual pieces of cargo and the time it took to load and unload the cargo often equaled the time that the vessel needed to sail between ports.)
  • He realized the waste of time and money and wondered about a better alternative.
  • He initially thought to load entire trucks onboard a ship but realized that it would waste cargo space.
  • He modified his idea, so only the containers were loaded onto the ship, not the trucks' chassis. The containers were also designed to stack on top of one another.