ViM Tutor - Deepstash
ViM Tutor

ViM Tutor

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ViM Tutor

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VIMTUTOR ver 1.7

This tutor is designed to describe enough of the commands that you will be able to easily use Vim as an all-purpose editor.

     It is important to remember that this tutor is set up to teach by use. That means that you need to execute the commands to learn them properly. If you only read the text, you will forget the commands!

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1. The cursor is moved using either the arrow keys or the hjkl keys.

   h (left)   j (down)      k (up)      l (right)

2. To start Vim from the shell prompt type: 

vim FILENAME

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1. To delete from the cursor up to the next word type:    dw

2. To delete from the cursor up to the end of the word type:  de

3. To delete from the cursor to the end of a line type:    d$

4. To delete a whole line type:   dd

5. To repeat a motion prepend it with a number:  2w

6. The format for a change command is: operator  [number]  motion

where:

      operator - is what to do, such as d for delete

      [number] - is an optional count to repeat the motion

      motion  - moves over the text to operate on, such as w (word), e (end of word), $ (end of the line), etc.

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1. To put back text that has just been deleted, type p. This puts the deleted text AFTER the cursor (if a line was deleted it will go on the line below the cursor).

2. To replace the character under the cursor, type  r  and then the character you want to have there.

3. The change operator allows you to change from the cursor to where the motion takes you. eg. Type ce to change from the cursor to the end of the word, c$ to change to the end of a line.

4. The format for change is:

c  [number]  motion

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1. CTRL-G displays your location in the file and the file status.

G moves to the end of the file.

number G moves to that line number.

gg moves to the first line.

2. Typing  /   followed by a phrase searches FORWARD for the phrase.

Typing  ?   followed by a phrase searches BACKWARD for the phrase.

After a search type n to find the next occurrence in the same direction

or N to search in the opposite direction.

CTRL-O takes you back to older positions, CTRL-I to newer positions.

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3 reads

1. :!command executes an external command.

Some useful examples are:

   (Windows)     (Unix)

    :!dir         :!ls        - shows a directory listing.

    :!del FILENAME  :!rm FILENAME  - removes file FILENAME.

2. :w FILENAME writes the current Vim file to disk with name FILENAME.

3. v motion :w FILENAME saves the Visually selected lines in file FILENAME.

4. :r FILENAME retrieves disk file FILENAME and puts it below the cursor position.

5. :r !dir reads the output of the dir command and puts it below the cursor position.

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1. Type o to open a line BELOW the cursor and start Insert mode.

Type O to open a line ABOVE the cursor.

2. Type a to insert text AFTER the cursor.

Type A to insert text after the end of the line.

3. The e command moves to the end of a word.

4. The y operator yanks (copies) text, p puts (pastes) it.

5. Typing a capital R enters Replace mode until  is pressed.

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1. Type :help or press or  to open a help window.

2. Type :help cmd to find help on cmd .

3. Type CTRL-W CTRL-W to jump to another window.

4. Type :q to close the help window.

5. Create a vimrc startup script to keep your preferred settings.

6. When typing a : command, press CTRL-D to see possible completions.

    Press to use one completion.

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CURATED BY

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CURATOR'S NOTE

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ViM is a blessing. Learn it and you will be spoiled forever.

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