A Brief History of Computer Viruses & What the Future Holds - Deepstash

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Users should know about the basic nature of viruses

Users should know about the basic nature of viruses

When it comes to cybersecurity, many users don't know about the basic nature of viruses.

In a series of lectures in the 1940s, mathematician John von Neumann speculated if it would be possible for a "mechanical" organism such as a computer code to damage machines, copy itself and infect new hosts, just like a biological virus.

Over the last 60 years, computer viruses have abounded, yet what was once cyber vandalism has turned into cybercrime.

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The first computer viruses from the 1970s

  • The Creeper Program is often regarded as the first virus. It was created in 1971 by Bob Thomas of BBN as a security test to see if a self-replicating program was possible.
  • The Rabbit (or Wabbit) virus was developed in 1974. It made multiple copies of itself, severely reducing system performance and eventually crashing the machine.
  • The First Trojan, called ANIMAL, was a game developed by computer programmer John Walker in 1975. To improve the game, Walker created PERVADE, which installed itself along with ANIMAL, examined all computer directories and copied ANIMAL in directories.

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The Brain Boot Sector Virus

Brain was the first PC virus and infected 5.2" floppy disks in 1986.

Two brothers, Basit and Amjad Farooq Alvi, were tired of customers making illegal copies of their software, so they developed a virus that replaced the boot sector of a floppy disk. This was the first stealth virus and contained a hidden copyright message. It did not corrupt data.

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The LoveLetter Virus

The LoveLetter Virus

The introduction of reliable, speedy broadband networks allowed malware to spread via email, popular websites or directly over the internet. Malware is an umbrella term for malicious software such as viruses, worms and Trojans.

The LoveLetter appeared on May 4, 2000. Unlike the macro viruses that dominated the threat landscape since 1995, it came as a VBS file. The subject line was "I Love You," and the email contained an attachment, "LOVE-LETTER-FOR-YOU-TXT.vbs."

Onel de Guzman designed his worm to overwrite existing files and replace them with copies of itself.

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The Code Red Virus

The Code Red worm existed only in memory and did not attempt to infect files on the system.

It took advantage of a weakness in the Microsoft Internet Information Server and manipulated the protocols that allow computers to communicate. It spread globally in a few hours.

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Heartbleed

Heartbleed

Heartbleed came out in 2014 and put servers across the Internet at risk.

Heartbleed took advantage of a vulnerability in OpenSSL, a general-purpose, open-source cryptographic library used by companies worldwide. It could access data such as user names, passwords and secure encryption keys.

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