What Are Midterm Elections—and Why Are They So Important? - Deepstash
What Are Midterm Elections—and Why Are They So Important?

What Are Midterm Elections—and Why Are They So Important?


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What Are Midterm Elections—and Why Are They So Important?

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Midterm elections

Historically, midterm elections have low turnouts. However, they are vital in determining which political party will control Congress and can have a major impact on the success of the president’s agenda.

Midterm elections occur midway through a president's term. The results of the midterm elections in 2022 will help determine the country’s response to hot-button issues.

This year's political campaigns are centered around some hot issues.


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Midterm elections and a  civic overview

Midterm elections are held to elect people to Congress, state and local offices.


Congress comprises two chambers:

  • the House of Representatives and
  • the Senate

During the midterms, all 435 House seats are up for grabs because representatives serve two-year terms.


Senators serve six-year terms. It means that during each midterm election, a third of Senate seats are up for a vote (34 this year).


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Midterm elections are held on the Tuesday after the first Monday in November. 

In the months leading up to the midterm elections, some states hold primaries to sift candidates so that there is just one person from each party running on election day.

About 60 percent of the voting population vote in a presidential election and 40 percent do so in a midterm election.


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There are three branches of government.

  1. The executive branch (the president) relies on
  2. the legislative branch (Congress) to pass legislation and confirm justices to
  3. the judicial branch (Supreme Court).

The midterm elections determine which political party controls each chamber of Congress, based on who wins more of the individual races. 

Ultimately, the party that controls the House or the Senate can determine which issues Congress will consider and whether they will work with the White House on a legislative agenda.


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