Melasma is a common skin disorder which causes the discoloration on the skin . People suffering with this problem is having dark or light brown pigmentation or patches on their skin, primarily on their face. It may appear as flat patches or freckle like spots. Most commonly affected areas are

  • Cheeks
  • Forehead
  • Upper lips
  • Bridge of the nose

Reasons For Melasma

  • Family history of melasma
  • Hormones disorder during pregnancy
  • Birth control pills
  • Hormone replacement therapy(HRT & Progestrone)
  • Excessive exposure of sun
  • Those with melasma are more likely to have a thyroid disease.
  • Melasma may cause by the LED lights from television, laptop, cell phones & tablets.
  • During pregnancy estrogen, progesterone & melanocyte-stimulating hormones increases due to which this problem may occur.
  • Postmenopausal women are sometimes given progesterone which develops melasma

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Digital Impression: Melasma or Hyperpigmentation

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Reasons For Melasma

  • Family history of melasma
  • Hormones disorder during pregnancy
  • Birth control pills
  • Hormone replacement therapy(HRT & Progestrone)
  • Excessive exposure of sun
  • Those with melasma are more likely to have a thyroid disease.
  • Melasma may cause by the LED lights from television, laptop, cell phones & tablets.
  • During pregnancy estrogen, progesterone & melanocyte-stimulating hormones increases due to which this problem may occur.
  • Postmenopausal women are sometimes given progesterone which develops melasma

Treatment

  • Azelaic acid
  • Kojic acid
  • Cysteamine Cream
  • Ascorbic acid
  • Methimazole
  • Tranexamic acid
  • Glutathione
  • Soybean extract

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