Tinnitus: Non-Stop Ringing In The Ears
  • Tinnitus, the ringing or noise in the ears is annoying, and most of us experience it temporarily when we hear a loud noise.
  • Aspirin and other anti-inflammatory drugs also cause it to appear.
  • Chronic tinnitus, the one that lasts for more than six months, is a problem experienced by 50 to 60 million Americans.
  • Most cases are a personal noise experience, though other people can also hear the sound in some cases. Tinnitus is a diverse kind of problem and is more likely in older people.
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Health

The problem of tinnitus happens when our ears hair cells get damaged due to ototoxic drugs or loud noise, and the brain circuits do not receive the expected signal, stimulating abnormal activity in the neurons.

People notice their tinnitus problem in places with low external noise. About 10 percent of tinnitus patients cannot bear the sound due to its volume and seek professional help. There is no cure for tinnitus, though some minimizing is possible.

  • Most people who have chronic tinnitus also have some degree of hearing loss.
  • The inner ear, and the middle ear can get damaged due to ageing, ear wax, heavy medication or extremely loud noise.
  • Most people with Tinnitus have the problem originating at the cochlear nerve level, making it ‘sensorineural’.
  • Stress and insomnia are other common side effects of Tinnitus.
  • Drugs like certain antibiotics, Aspirin, anticonvulsants, and antidepressants can spark or worsen the ringing in the ears.

It is a good idea to minimize being around constant loud noise or use earplugs/earmuffs. For those who are experiencing tinnitus, the following options are worth noting:

  1. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT): A way to change a person’s awareness and behaviour to make the ringing sound less annoying.
  2. Tinnitus Retraining Therapy (TRT): A similar therapy with advanced tools that are placed in the ear to mimic the ringing sounds.
  3. Masking: Hearing aid like devices that emit low-level white noise to mask the ringing sound.

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