List of political ideologies - Wikipedia - Deepstash
Political ideology

A political ideology is a set of ethical principles of a social institution that explains how society should work.

Contains certain ideas on what would be the best:

Has 2 dimensions:

  1. goals: how society should be organized.
  2. methods: the most appropriate way to achieve this goal.

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Government

A government is the system of a group of people governing an organized community.

It consists of:

Government is a means to:

  1. Enforce organizational policies.
  2. Mechanism for determining policies.

Each government has:

  • a kind of constitution
  • a statement of its governing principles
  • philosophy

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Economic system

An economic system is a system of production, resource allocation and distribution of goods & services within a society or a given geographic area.

3 economic problems that should be solved by economic systems:

  • What & how much should be produced?
  • How should it be produced?
  • Distribution method?

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Anarchism

Anarchism is a political ideology that rejects all involuntary, coercive forms of hierarchy/authority (including capitalism, nationalism, the state & all associated institutions) in the conduct of all human relations (interpersonal relationships).

Favours of a society based on:

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Authoritarianism

Authoritarianism is a form of government characterized by:

  • Rejection of political plurality (diversity).
  • A strong (unregulated) central power.
  • power maintained by political repression.

Types:

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Communism

Communism is a specific form of socialism with the ultimate goal of establishing a communist society that consists of:

Communism analyses that:

  1. There is an exploitative relationship between the 2 major social classes in the current order of society (capitalism), the proletariat (working class) & the bourgeoisie (capitalist class).
  2. This situation can only be resolved through a social revolution.

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Conservatism

Conservatists often:

  • promote traditional social institutions
  • oppose modernism
  • return to traditional values

There is no single set of policies regarded as conservative because the meaning of conservatism depends on what is considered traditional in a given place & time.

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Democracy

Democracy is a form of government in which the people have the authority to choose their governing legislators.

Emphasis on:

  • freedom of assembly & speech
  • inclusiveness and equality (minority rights)
  • Membership (citizenship)
  • consent
  • voting
  • right to life

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Environmentalism

Environmentalism advocates the reservation, restoration & improvement of the natural environment and critical earth system elements (ecodiversity, climate, habitats, etc.) on which humans depend in such a way that all the components are accorded a proper degree of sustainability.

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Liberalism

Liberalism is a political & moral philosophy based on:

  • Liberty (freedom of speech, press, expression & religion)
  • Consent of the governed (democracy)
  • Equality before the law (civil & human rights)

They generally support free markets, free trade, capitalism limited government & secularism.

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Socialism

Socialism is a political, social, & economic philosophy characterised by social ownership of the means of production.

There have been numerous political movements such as anarchism, communism, Marxism, social democracy & etc., whose members called themselves socialists under some definition of the term-all of these interpretations have generated debate over the true meaning of socialism.

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Libertarianism

Libertarians seek to maximize autonomy & political freedom, emphasizing:

  • free association
  • freedom of choice
  • individualism
  • voluntary association

Libertarians share a skepticism of authority and state power, and some seek to abolish capitalism & private ownership of the means of production.

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Transhumanism

Transhumanist politics constitutes a group of political ideologies that generally express the belief in improving human individuals through science & technology.

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