The 11 Biggest Volcanic Eruptions in History - Deepstash
Volcanic eruptions

Throughout history, there have been enormous eruptions of volcanoes.

The power of these eruptions is measured using the Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI). The classification system was develop...

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The 11 Biggest Volcanic Eruptions in History

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Yellowstone eruption, 640,000 Years ago (VEI 8)

The Yellowstone National Park is an active volcano and has erupted three times at a magnitude-8, once 2.1 million years ago, again 1.2 million years ago and most recently 640,0000 years ago. Togeth...

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Huaynaputina, 1600 (VEI 6)

Huaynaputina, in Peru, is a towering 16,000 feet (4,850 metres). The volcanic eruption sent mudflows 75 miles (120 km) away and may have affected the global climate.

After the 1600 eruption, ...

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Krakatoa, 1883 (VEI 6)

A massive eruption took place on 26-27 April 1883 on the volcanic island arc at the subduction zone of the Indo-Australian plate.

The explosion created a tsunami whose waves reached 140 feet ...

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Santa Maria Volcano, 1902 (VEI 6)

The explosion in Guatemala was one of the largest eruptions of the 20th century and left a crater of about a mile (1.5 km) across. It came after the volcano had remained silent for about 500 years....

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Novarupta, 1912 (VEI 6)

The eruption of Novarupta was the largest volcanic explosion of the 20th century.

Three cubic miles (12.5 cubic km) of magma and ash was thrown into the air and, when it landed, covered 3,000...

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Mount Pinatubo, 1991 (VEI 6)

When the stratovolcano in the Philippines erupted in 1991, it sent over one cubic mile (5 cubic km) of material into the air. As a result, a column of ash rose 22 miles (35 km) in the atmosphere an...

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Ambrym island, 50 AD (VEI 6+)

The 257-square-mile (665-square-km) volcanic island is in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

The volcano sent a wave of hot ashes and dust down the mountain and formed a caldera (a large depress...

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Ilopango volcano, 450 AD (VEI 6+)

This volcano has only experienced two eruptions in its history. The first known eruption was huge and covered much of central and western El Salvador with pumice and ash. It destroyed the early May...

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Mount Thera, 1610 BC (VEI 7)

Geologists estimated that the Aegean Islands volcano Thera erupted with the energy of several hundred atomic bombs. 

The Minoan civilization of the island Santorini suspected the volcano...

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Changbaishan volcano, 1000 AD (VEI 7)

The eruption spewed volcanic material about 750 miles (1,200 km) away and created a large caldera nearly 3 miles (4.5 km) across and a half-mile (almost 1 km) deep at the mountain's summit. It is n...

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Mt. Tambora, Sumbawa Island, Indonesia - 1815 (VEI 7)

The largest ever recorded explosion is that of Mount Tambora. The volcano is still active and one of the tallest peaks in the Indonesian archipelago.

In April 1815, the volcano exploded so lo...

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