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The First Professional Judges

Martin de Pateshull was one of the finest lawyers of England and became the Justice of the bench in 1217. 

Advocates who practised at the Court of Common Pleas and eventually graduated to the post of professional judges, the first one being Lawrence de Brok in 1268.

Bribes and under the table payments were quite common in the 13th century, though they were under oath not to accept gifts or rewards. The salaries of judges were increased to curb bribery.

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The Judicial system is over a thousand years old, taking over from the royal Kings courts prevalent in the era.

Early courts had a trial by combat where a fighting championship was organized with candidates from both the parties, with the prize being the disputed money/property.

The very first judges after courts became independent were in the 12th century, selected from King’s court judges and those who had administrative and judicial jurisdiction.

The 15th and 16th century saw a lot of exclusions, removals and clashes between the Kings and the law makers. The judiciary became more and more independent, with an increase in salaries in the 17th century. 

The first magistrate court in England and Wales evolved in the late 13th century. The proliferation of courts resulted in a lot of political interference, resulting in an upheaval in the year 1387, when six judges were sentenced to death, with one execution.

  • The 18th century saw many developments and enhancement in the roles of judges, but the judiciary system was still slow and prone to corruption.
  • The cases were gradually shifted to the King's council, which consisted of an individual: The Lord Chancellor.
  • Slowly the same probl...

Crown courts, that is the modern court, were established in 1956 in Liverpool and Manchester. The role of the Lord Chancellor changed significantly as late as 2006 due to the Constitutional Reform Act of 2005.

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