Carbocations - Deepstash

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Carbocations

--> Positive charged carbon atoms

The more stable the carbocation, then the product is the major product.

E/Z Alkenes

E means that the higher priority substituents are placed ACROSS from each other.

Z means that the higher priority substituents are placed at the SAME SIDE.

1, 2 Alkyl shift and 1, 2 Hydride shift

An Alkyl Shift happens when the alkyl can be moved so the substituents can be inserted into a more stable carbocation.

A Hydride Shift happens when the hydrogen atom can be moved so the substituents can be inserted into a more stable carbocation.

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