Real activities on real projects, real work, or real results are more effective than substitution or preparation work.
Some examples include:
However, there are arguments against doing the real thing.
MORE IDEAS FROM THE ARTICLE
Deliberate practise and doing the real thing address different problems.
Cognitive load theory states that problem-solving is often not enough. We need to keep the details of our goal in our working memory, adding extra load that can interfere with schema acquisition.
But, replacing all problem solving with worked-out examples is based on the assumption that we already understand what skills we need to solve a problem.
Direct practise cannot be a substitute for studying theory. Doing the real thing should be combined with studying theory.
If you keep getting stuck on a problem, practising more is unlikely to solve the problem. But exposing yourself to the broader theory behind the problem is more valuable even if it does not directly answer your particular problem.
Discovery learning is the idea of not giving any instructions - simply present the problem to the pupil and let them figure it out for themselves.
But, discovery learning is less efficient than telling people what they ought to do and then letting them do it. What counts is practising the right skills often and early. You don't get a bonus for figuring it out for yourself.
We mostly learn by doing, yet school mostly replaced apprenticeships as a form of learning.
One reason why schools replaced hands-on learning is that apprenticeship is suitable for smithing and weaving, but modern work is mental and needs dedicated training inside the classroom. However, this answer is false as many knowledge positions need some apprenticeship. For example, doctors must complete a residency, lawyers need to article, and grad school for scientists is really an apprenticeship.
We all know the difference between memorising something we don't understand and the satisfaction of genuinely understanding something.
To understand what it means to understand something is less clear. There are a few possibilities of what understanding might mean:
There are a few different ways you can go about setting a goal or creating a new habit.
❤️ Brainstash Inc.