Create a to do list the night before, including the time of day you’ll call it quits.
Putting things down means they’re out of your head and you can devote all of your brainpower to focused thinking rather than worrying about what it was you had to do later.
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Sleep is perhaps the best way to engage unconscious diffused thinking.
Being in focused mode is to brain cells what lifting weights is to muscles. You’re breaking them down.
Sleep provides an opportunity for them to repaired and for new connections to be formed.
The first year you learn something new you might not be very good. The second year you might be worse because you realise how much you don’t know.
There’s no need to envy those who seem to know what they’re doing. Every genius starts somewhere.
Even Charles Darwin was a college dropout.
Have an open mind and don’t be afraid of asking the stupid questions.
... as it can be applied to any other skill. So if you want to improve your ability to do anything, learning how to learn is something you should dedicate time to.
Ask: What are the important concepts to learn? Then, where should you apply them?
Learning doesn’t happen in a straight line. Learning looks more like a broken staircase than a straight line.
Learning tough skills doesn’t happen over the course of days or weeks or months. Years is the right timeframe for most things.
There are two kinds of thinking, focused and diffused.
Focused thinking involves working on a singular task.
Diffused thinking happens when you’re not focused on anything.
Learning happens at the crossover of these two kinds of thinking.
Procrastination usually happens when you reach a difficult point and find it uncomfortable to keep going.
The Pomodoro technique is effective in combatting this. This is where you work for 25 minutes, then take a break for 5 minutes.
Focus on the process.
Thinking about the outcome of your learning is the quickest way to get discouraged about it. Because there is no end. Learning is a lifelong journey.
Bring the information you’ve just learned back to your mind without looking back at it.
Rereading the same thing over and over again can give you an illusion of understanding it. But recalling it and reproducing the information in your own words is a way to figure out which parts you know and which parts you don’t.
Spaced repetition involves practising something in small timeframes and as you get better at it, increasing the amount of time between each timeframe.
Spend time and effort trying to create chunks. Instead of learning every intricate detail, seek out what the major concepts are. Figure out how to apply them by testing yourself. Work through example problems.
This is a system that is automated by you. It is called a habit ladder because, from the time you wake up to finishing your first work task of the day, you're climbing up one rung at a time. Each new step is reached because of the last.
When planning on building new habits, one easy way to integrate them into your everyday routine is by actually adding them to an already existing habit.
Therefore, choose one habit you have had for quite a while now and associate a new routine to it. You might be surprised by how fast you will get used to doing both at the same time, without feeling the most recent one as a burden.
A night routine is the things you do immediately prior to going to bed.
Three benefits of having a decent night routine: