The Focusing Effect

People place too much importance on one aspect of an event and fail to recognize other factors.

To combat this effect, it is important to remember to keep perspective, look at problems from many angles, and weigh several factors before making a decision. 

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6 Psychological Effects That Affect How Our Brains Tick

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Greater expectations drive greater performance.

The crux of this psychological phenomenon is the concept of a self-fulfilling prophecy: If you believe something is true of yourself, eventually it will be.

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Your mistakes are not noticed as much as you think.

People aren’t paying attention at our moments of failure nearly as much as we think. The perception of our being under constant scrutiny is merely in our minds.

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Your likability will increase if you aren’t perfect.

Those who never make mistakes are perceived as less likable than those who commit the occasional faux pas. Messing up draws people closer to you, makes you more human. Perfection creates distance and an unattractive air of invincibility. 

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The more choices we have, the less likely we are to be content with our decision.

Even if our ultimate decision is clearly correct, when faced with many choices, we are less likely to be happy with what we choose. Because a wealth of choices makes finding contentment that much harder.

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The more people who see someone in need, the less likely that person is to receive help.

Researchers call it a “confusion of responsibility,” where individuals feel less responsibility for the outcome of an event when others are around. In fact, the probability of help is inversely related to the number of people present. 

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RELATED IDEAS

The Birthday Paradox

How many people do you think it would take to survey, on an average, to find two people who share the same birthday?

Well, with the help of probability, sometimes an event is 'more likely to occur' than we believe it to. In this case, If you survey a random group of just 23 people there is actually about a 50–50 chance that two of them will have the same birthday. This is known as the birthday paradox. Don't believe it's true? You can test it and see mathematical probability in action!

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Probability and the Birthday Paradox

scientificamerican.com

Research suggests placing self-imposed limitations can boost creativity. 

It forces your brain to come up with creative solutions to finish a project around the parameters you’ve set.

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How to Enhance Your Creative Thinking

sparringmind.com

The actor-observer bias

When a person experiences something negative, they will blame the circumstances. When something negative happens to another person, they will blame the individual for their behaviors.

For example, when a doctor tells someone their cholesterol levels are too high, the patient might blame environmental influences. When they hear of someone else with high cholesterol levels, they think it is because of a poor diet or lack of exercise.

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How Actor-Observer Biases Affect the Way We Interact With People

verywellmind.com