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6 Psychological Effects That Affect How Our Brains Tick

The Focusing Effect

People place too much importance on one aspect of an event and fail to recognize other factors.

To combat this effect, it is important to remember to keep perspective, look at problems from many angles, and weigh several factors before making a decision. 

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6 Psychological Effects That Affect How Our Brains Tick

6 Psychological Effects That Affect How Our Brains Tick

https://buffer.com/resources/6-powerful-psychological-effects-that-explain-how-humans-tick

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Key Ideas

The Pratfall Effect

Your likability will increase if you aren’t perfect.

Those who never make mistakes are perceived as less likable than those who commit the occasional faux pas. Messing up draws people closer to you, makes you more human. Perfection creates distance and an unattractive air of invincibility. 

The Pygmalion Effect

Greater expectations drive greater performance.

The crux of this psychological phenomenon is the concept of a self-fulfilling prophecy: If you believe something is true of yourself, eventually it will be.

The Paradox of Choice

The more choices we have, the less likely we are to be content with our decision.

Even if our ultimate decision is clearly correct, when faced with many choices, we are less likely to be happy with what we choose. Because a wealth of choices makes finding contentment that much harder.

The Bystander Effect

The more people who see someone in need, the less likely that person is to receive help.

Researchers call it a “confusion of responsibility,” where individuals feel less responsibility for the outcome of an event when others are around. In fact, the probability of help is inversely related to the number of people present. 

The Spotlight Effect

Your mistakes are not noticed as much as you think.

People aren’t paying attention at our moments of failure nearly as much as we think. The perception of our being under constant scrutiny is merely in our minds.

The Focusing Effect

People place too much importance on one aspect of an event and fail to recognize other factors.

To combat this effect, it is important to remember to keep perspective, look at problems from many angles, and weigh several factors before making a decision. 

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If you find yourself stagnating by focusing on generic problems, try to re-conceptualize the problem by focusing on a more meaningful angle.

For example: Instead of thinking “What would be something cool to paint?” rather ask, “What sort of painting evokes the feeling of loneliness that we all encounter after a break-up?”

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Creating “psychological” distance may be useful for breaking through a creative block.

Try to imagine your creative task as being disconnected and distant from your current position/location - this may make the problem more accessible and can encourage higher level thinking.

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It's a thinking mistake and it occurs when we confuse selection factors with results. 

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The sunk cost fallacy

It plays on this tendency of ours to emphasize loss over gain.

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The paradox of resilience

To overcome adversity, you must rescue yourself first. Your mindset, not the event, defines if you will be ‘rescued’ or not.

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  • Self-Control: Free will is the realization that you own your actions and control your reactions. 
Build a First Responder Mindset
  • Reframe your thoughts about reality: You can’t control reality, but you can manage how you adapt to it.
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  • Create alternative paths: Creativity plays a critical role in overcoming adversity.
  • Leverage the power of relationships: Rescuing yourself from adversity starts with you but strong relationships are critical for bouncing back.
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