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The Big Five personality traits and what they mean to psychologists

Agreeableness

It describes people that are tolerant, honest and get along well with others. Possible facets:

  • Trust: they trust others
  • Compliance: they would never cheat on taxes
  • Altruism: they make people feel welcome
  • Straightforwardness: they are easy to satisfy
  • Modesty: they dislike being center of attention
  • Tender-mindedness: they sympathize with the homeless.

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The Big Five personality traits and what they mean to psychologists

The Big Five personality traits and what they mean to psychologists

https://bigthink.com/robby-berman/the-5-personality-types-and-why-you-care

bigthink.com

6

Key Ideas

The Big Five

It represents the 5 personality traits psychologists use today:
  • Openness to experiences
  • Conscientiousness
  • Extraversion
  • Agreeableness
  • Neuroticism
Each personality trait is characterized by 6 individual facets.

Openness to Experience

It describes people who enjoy the arts and new experiences. Possible facets:

  • Fantasy: they have a vivid imagination
  • Aesthetics: they believe in the importance of art
  • Feelings: They experience emotions intensely
  • Actions: They prefer variety to routine
  • Ideas: they like complex problems
  • Values: they tend to vote for liberals.

Conscientiousness

People that score high on this are organized, methodical and tend to keep going and going. Possible facets:

  • Competence: they complete tasks successfully
  • Order: they like order
  • Dutifulness: the follow the rules
  • Achievement-striving: they work hard
  • Self-discipline: they get chores done right away
  • Deliberation: they avoid mistakes.

Extraversion

This is about the degree of sociability, and one's source of energy and excitement. Possible facets:

  • Warmth: you make friends easily
  • Gregariousness: you love large parties
  • Assertiveness: you  take charge
  • Activity: you are always busy
  • Excitement-seeking: you love the excitement
  • Positive Emotions: you radiate joy.

Agreeableness

It describes people that are tolerant, honest and get along well with others. Possible facets:

  • Trust: they trust others
  • Compliance: they would never cheat on taxes
  • Altruism: they make people feel welcome
  • Straightforwardness: they are easy to satisfy
  • Modesty: they dislike being center of attention
  • Tender-mindedness: they sympathize with the homeless.

Neuroticism

People who score high on this are vulnerable to frequent strong negative emotions. Possible facets: 

  • Anxiety: they worry about things
  • Hostility: they get angry easily
  • Depression: they often feel blue
  • Self-consciousness: they are easily intimidated
  • Impulsiveness: they eat too much
  • Vulnerability: they panic easily.

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Research has proven that individuals' personality plays an essential role in the way they perceive the world. 

Therefore, it is very probable that our perception of the world changes at the same time with our personality.

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Many of us think our personality is fixed and unchangeable.

But according to a recent study, while our early personalities may provide a baseline, they are pliable as we age

Why personality changes matter

Thinking of personality as fixed could leave us feeling like we can never grow or dismiss people with certain qualities, believing that change isn't possible. However, we don't simply change our personalities in random ways. The relationship among all of our personality traits seems to be more consistent.

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  • Parents and teachers should keep that in mind when they try to influence a child's personality.
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