Know your audience

Take note of your audience's preferred method of reasoning and decision making, then tailor your advice accordingly.

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The Three Main Factors for Giving Good Advice

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Relate
It's important to be sincere when you hand out words of wisdom, as well as find a way to make things connect in the brain of your audience. Advice will go in one ear and out the other if your audience can't relate.

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Avoid long, descriptive explanations and break things down with simple analogies. Use analogies based around common knowledge or things you know your audience would be knowledgeable about.

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Investigate the problem and ask questions to get as much information as you can. You can't give good advice when you're missing pieces of the puzzle.

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RELATED IDEAS

The Advice Trap

It happens when one rushes to provide advice, which is most likely to be discarded or ignored, even if the person was asked for it.

Even with good intentions, providing advice isn’t necessarily a good idea. We normally do not welcome any advice provided to us, with a natural reflexive repulsion towards being told what is to be done by someone else.

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The art of giving good workplace advice

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Tell a story

Dry information and stats don’t inspire people to make a change or listen to you.

We don't usually remember facts, figures or statistics. Storytelling is how you make your advice human, relatable and real.

Keep your story short and concise. 

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The Best Way To Give Advice To Someone.

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Use The "Sandwich" Approach And Be Specific On The Expected Results

"Sandwiching" your critique between two positive things about the person's softens the blow, and avoids it coming off like an attack. The mix of positive and negative makes people more likely to pay attention to the whole package.

Instead of being snarky and vague, explain why you think your criticism is valid and be specific and constructive about what you think would be an improvement. The former doesn’t inform much and makes people unhappy; the latter at least gives some ideas for improvement.

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How to Give Criticism Without Sounding Like a Jerk

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